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Flashcards in Nazis and the Church Deck (11):
1

In what ways were the Nazi ideals opposed to the values of Christianity?

- Nazis glorified strength and violence; Christianity focuses on love and forgiveness
- Nazis hated the weak; Christianity helps the weak
- Nazis believed in racial superiority; Christianity teaches respect for all people
- Nazis saw Hitler as a god-like figure; Christians believes in God

2

Why did Hitler see the Catholic Church as a particular threat?

- Catholics were loyal to the Pope, not to Hitler
- Catholic schools and youth groups spread messages (love, forgiveness etc.) which was at odds with Nazi views
- Catholics supported the Centre Party - a party Hitler wanted to remove

3

What was the concordat?

An agreement between Hitler and the Pope that the Pope would stay out of politics if Hitler did not interfere with the Church

4

When was the concordat signed?

July 1933

5

How did Hitler break the concordat?

Within a few months:
- priests were harassed and arrested - many ended up in concentration camps for criticising the Nazis
- Catholic schools were interfered with and eventually abolished
- Catholic youth movements were shut down
- Monasteries were closed

6

What were the Protestants who supported Hitler called?

'Germany Christians'

7

Who led the German Christians?

Ludwig Muller - became Reich bishop (national leader) in September 1933

8

What was the group of Protestants called who OPPOSED the Nazis?

The Confessional Church

9

Who was the leader of the Confessional Church?

Pastor Martin Niemoller

10

What happened eventually to Martin Niemoller and the Confessional Church?

In 1937 Niemoller was arrested and put in a concentration camp (along with about 800 fellow ministers). The Confessional Church was banned.

11

When was the Confessional Church set up?

1934