Economic Recovery under Stresemann Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Economic Recovery under Stresemann Deck (15):
1

What was Stresemann's job between 1923 and 1929?

Foreign Secretary

2

What post did he do between August and November 1923?

Chancellor

3

What two main economic problems did Stresemann face in 1923?

- French occupation of the Ruhr (which led to)
- hyperinflation

4

What did Stresemann introduce in 1923?

A new currency, the Rentenmark

5

Why was the Rentenmark more trusted by the public?

It was issued in limited amounts and was linked to property, so it had real value

6

What was the Rentenmark changed to in 1924?

The Reichsmark

7

What was the Reichsmark backed by?

Gold reserves

8

What was the aim of the Dawes Plan (agreed in 1924)?

To reduce reparation payments to manageable levels.

9

What were the main points of the Dawes Plan (agreed in 1924)?

- Reparation payments would begin at 1 billion marks for the first year and increase over a period of 4 years to 2.5 billion marks
- The Ruhr area was to be evacuated by Allied occupation troops. (This happens in 1925)
- The German Reichbank would be reorganised under Allied supervision
The USA would give loans to Germany to help its economic recovery

10

How much was the first loan given to by the USA to Germany?

800 million marks

11

How much did US companies and banks give to Germany over the from 1924-29?

$3000 million (allowed Germany to recover and make its reparation payments)

12

What did the Young Plan reduce the reparation figure from and to?

It reduced the figure from £6600 million to £1850 million

13

What happened to the length of time over which the Germans had to pay

It was extended by 59 years

14

What were the average yearly payments under the Young Plan?

2.05 billion marks per year

15

Why did Hitler and other right-wingers object to the Young Plan?

They objected to any further payment of reparations (Hitler wanted to scrap ToV)