Pharm4 - Pharm4 Flashcards Preview

USMLE > Pharm4 - Pharm4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharm4 - Pharm4 Deck (59)
Loading flashcards...
1

MOA amphetamine

indirect general sympathetic agonist releases stored catecholamines

2

MOA epehderine

indirect and direct sympathomimetic stimulates release of NE from sympathetic neurons

3

MOA cocaine

blocks reuptake of NorE and DA

4

MOA clonidine

centrally acting alpha agonist decreased central adregnergic outflow

5

uses for epi

anaphylaxis glaucoma asthma hypotension

6

uses for norE

hypotension (but decreases renal perfusion)

7

uses for isoproterenol

rare... AV block

8

uses for DA

shock (increases renal perfusion) heart failure

9

uses for dobutamine

shock heart failure cardiac stress testing

10

uses for amphetamines

narcolepsy obesity ADD

11

uses for ephedrine

nasal decongestion urinary incontinence hypotension

12

uses for phenylephrine

pupil dilator vasoconstriction nasal decongestion

13

uses for albuterol

asthma

14

uses for terbutaline

asthma

15

uses for cocaine

vasoconstriction local anesthetic

16

uses for clonidine

HTN (esp with renal dz b/c it doesn't decrease blood flow to kidney)

17

examples of inhaled anesthetics

halothane enflurane isoflurane (-ane)

18

MOA inhaled anesthetics

unknown

19

effects of inhaled anesthetics

myocardial depression respiratory depression n/v increased cerebral blood flow decreased cerebral demand

20

toxicity of halothane

hepatotoxicity

21

toxicity of methoxyflurane

nephrotoxicity

22

toxicity of enflurane

pro-convulsant

23

toxicity of any inhaled anesthetic

malignant hyperthermia (rare)

24

types of drugs used as IV anesthetics

BB King on optiates proposes foolishly Barbiturates benzos Ketamine (arylclohxamines) opiates Propofol

25

which barbiturate is commonly used as an IV anesthetic?

thiopental

26

uses of thiopental

induction of anesthesia short surgical procedures

27

which is the most common anesthetic used for endoscopy? what is it administered with?

midazolam gaseous anesthetics and narcotics

28

side effects of midazolam

post-op respiratory depression hypotension amnesia

29

how is the respiratory depression from midazolam treated?

flumezanil

30

side effects of arylcyclohexamines

bad dreams CV stimulation disorientation hallucinations increased cerebral blood flow