Flashcards in Pharmacy Deck (264)
Deals with biological, biochemical, and economic features of natural meds?
Preparation, dispensing, and proper use of meds?
Study of dosages and the criteria that influence it?
Study of the action or the effects of medications on living organisms?
Uses of meds in the treatment of disease?
Study of poisons?
Science of treating disease by any method that will relieve pain, treat, or cure infections?
Therapeutics may use what treatment method other than medications?
Radiological treatment, diathermy, hydrotherapy
What text sets the standards for the quality, purity, strength and provides standards for medication?
United States Pharmacopeia & National Formulary (USP-NF)
What designates the USP-NF as the official reference for medications marketed in the US?
The U.S. Federal Food, Medication, and Cosmetics Act
How is the reference Drug Facts and Comparisons organized?
Therapeutic medications class
What reference contains quick and concise medication info?
Drug Information Handbook
What is known as the "blue bible" of pharmacology for its wide use in American pharmacies?
Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy
The term "dosage range" is applied what?
The minimum and maximum amount to produce the desired effect
What term describes the least amount of medication required to produce therapeutic effect?
What term describes the largest amount of medication that can be given without reaching the toxic effect?
What is the least amount of medication that will produce symptoms of poisoning?
What term is used to describe the normal adult dose?
What is a minimum lethal dose?
Least amount of med that can produce death
What are the two primary factors affecting dosage?
Age (most common), weight
How is Young's Rule expressed?
Age in years over age in years plus 12 multiplied by normal adult
What has more direct bearing on the dose than any other factor?
How is Clark's Rule expressed?
Pt weight in lbs over 150 times adult dose
Injections may require ________ doses than oral meds?
What two methods of administration are closely associated with oral administration?
What are pyrogens?
Products of the growth of microorganisms
Parenteral meds are examined at least what 3 times?
Reception of solution, periodically, immediately before use
Unless stated on the label, parenteral solutions must be free of what?
Turbidity or undissolved material
Inhalation is divided into what three major types?
Vaporization, Gas Inhalation, Nebulization (med converted to fine spray via compressed gas)