CH 22 POISONING & DRUG ABUSE Flashcards Preview

NAVEDTRA 14295B HOSPITAL CORPSMAN > CH 22 POISONING & DRUG ABUSE > Flashcards

Flashcards in CH 22 POISONING & DRUG ABUSE Deck (53)
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0

Substance that when introduced to the body produces harmful effect on normal structures/functions?

Poison

1

The _____ makes the poison

Dose

2

If no toxic effects the incident is simply an ________

Exposure

3

Factors effecting poisoning?

Dose
Age
Gender
Resistance
State of health

4

Gastric lavage is a method to?

Decontaminate the stomach

5

Less than what % of poisons have specific antidotes?

5%

6

Sign of narcotic poison?

Beady eyes

7

Sign of cholinergic poison?

Sludge

8

Most common route of exposure?

Ingestion

9

Two types of irritant from ingested poison

ACIDIC: corrosive
BASIC: caustic

10

Preferred method for emptying the contents of the stomach when victim is conscious?

Emetic

11

Normal adult dose of Ipecac syrup

15-30ml

12

Used to "speed" movement of bound substance and minimize absorption?

Cathartic (magnesium sulfate or sorbitol)

13

Treat ingested acid or base using _____ only

water

14

Ingestion of mineral oil or motor oil will usually do nothing more than cause?

Diarrhea

15

Treat ingested petroleum distillates with?

30-60 ml of vegetable oil

16

Viral food poisoning appears w/in how long

8 hrs

17

Inhaled substances can fool the victim due to?

Olfactory fatigue

18

There are how many steps in initial evaluation and follow-on poison management?

6

19

Of the 40 species of scorpions in the U.S. which may cause serious effects?

Centruroides exilicauda

20

Treat scorpion bite with?

Ice up to 2 hrs
Calcium gluconate 10ml 10% solution IV

21

Dull numbing pain which spreads to entire torso. Board-like abdominal muscles is common. Symptoms indicate?

Black widow (latrodectus mactans)

22

What develops w/in hrs, over a brown recluse bite?

Bleb

23

Treatment of brown recluse bite?

Debridement of lesion, peroxide cleansing and Aluminum Acetate solution soaks.

24

How many venomous snake families?

5

25

Hospitalize and observe snakebites for at least how long?

24hrs

26

Crotalids (viperidae) most identifying feature?

Wide head

27

How should snake bites be washed?

GENTLY

28

Suction snake bite for when and for how long?

Best within 3 minutes, leave on for 30 minutes

29

Apply bandage over snake bite and wrap how far past the bite?

2" - 4"