Flashcards in CH 22 POISONING & DRUG ABUSE Deck (53)
Substance that when introduced to the body produces harmful effect on normal structures/functions?
The _____ makes the poison
If no toxic effects the incident is simply an ________
Factors effecting poisoning?
State of health
Gastric lavage is a method to?
Decontaminate the stomach
Less than what % of poisons have specific antidotes?
Sign of narcotic poison?
Sign of cholinergic poison?
Most common route of exposure?
Two types of irritant from ingested poison
Preferred method for emptying the contents of the stomach when victim is conscious?
Normal adult dose of Ipecac syrup
Used to "speed" movement of bound substance and minimize absorption?
Cathartic (magnesium sulfate or sorbitol)
Treat ingested acid or base using _____ only
Ingestion of mineral oil or motor oil will usually do nothing more than cause?
Treat ingested petroleum distillates with?
30-60 ml of vegetable oil
Viral food poisoning appears w/in how long
Inhaled substances can fool the victim due to?
There are how many steps in initial evaluation and follow-on poison management?
Of the 40 species of scorpions in the U.S. which may cause serious effects?
Treat scorpion bite with?
Ice up to 2 hrs
Calcium gluconate 10ml 10% solution IV
Dull numbing pain which spreads to entire torso. Board-like abdominal muscles is common. Symptoms indicate?
Black widow (latrodectus mactans)
What develops w/in hrs, over a brown recluse bite?
Treatment of brown recluse bite?
Debridement of lesion, peroxide cleansing and Aluminum Acetate solution soaks.
How many venomous snake families?
Hospitalize and observe snakebites for at least how long?
Crotalids (viperidae) most identifying feature?
How should snake bites be washed?
Suction snake bite for when and for how long?
Best within 3 minutes, leave on for 30 minutes