06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Flashcards Preview

NAVEDTRA 14295B HOSPITAL CORPSMAN > 06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY > Flashcards

Flashcards in 06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Deck (147)
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1

Top of the body?

Superior

2

Lower end of body?

Caudal

3

Laying face down?

prone

4

The human body is broken down into what 7 levels of organization?

COC-TOS-O

*Chemical (more than 100 diff. atoms)
*Organelle (allows the cell to live)
*Cellular
*Tissue (fabric of the body)
*Organ
*System (11 major ISM-NEC-LR-DUR)
*Organism Levels (can survive hostile environments)

5

11 major systems in human?

(ISM-NEC-LR-DUR)

Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Endocrine
Circulatory
Lymphatic
Respiratory
Digestive
Urinary
Reproductive

6

Smallest and most numerous structural unit that possesses and exhibits the basic characteristics of living matter?

Cell

7

A typical cell is made up of what 3 parts?

Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm

8

Plasma membrane exchanges materials through the cell by what process?

Diffusion

9

Controls chemical reactions occurring in the cell?

Nucleus

10

Substance contained in the nucleus?

Nucleoplasm

11

Every human cell contains ____ chromosomes and _______ of genes to determine cell's function

46, thousands

12

Gel-like substance surrounding nucleus, responsible for vital functions

Cytoplasm

13

Unicellular organism?

Amoeba

14

Lining tissue of the body?

Epithelium

15

Epithelial classification?

SINGLE vs MULTI LAYERED

"Simple vs Stratified"

16

3 Classifications of epithelial tissues?

Columnar: Elongated
Squamous: Main protective tissue
Cuboidal: Found in specialized organs

17

Columnar epithelial cells chief function in the digestive system?

Secretion of digestive fluids and absorption of nutrients

18

Squamous tissue may be found where?

Eardrum

19

In the kidneys, cuboidal tissue functions how?

Secretion & absorption of fluids

20

Most widespread tissue of the body?

Connective

21

Connective tissue is composed of?

Extracellular materials (fibers and ground substance)

22

Three predominant types of connective tissue?

Areolar
Adipose
Osseous

23

Chief function is is bind parts of the body together. Gives tensile strength and elasticity.

Areolar Connective Tissue

24

Adipose (fatty) tissue first appears as what shape?

Star

25

Tissue that forms tendons, ligaments, cartilage and bones?

Osseous Connective Tissue

26

3 types of muscular tissue?

Skeletal
Smooth
Cardiac

27

Muscle cells that are striated and are joined end to end, resulting in a complex network of interlocking cells?

Cardiac

28

Basic cell of nerve tissue?

Neuron

29

Outer layer of skin?

Epidermis

30

Known as "true skin"

Dermis