Population part 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Population part 4 Deck (18):
1

Emmigration

The moving of people out of their area/country

2

Immigration

The moving of people into a country/area from another country/area.

3

Internal migration

The movement if people from one area to another within a country.

4

International migration

The movement of people from one country to another.

5

Push factors

Poverty
War
High crime
Lack of safety
Lack of services
Lack of jobs

6

Pull factors

Low crime
More jobs
Political stability
More wealth
Good climate
Fertile land
Family

7

Donor country

Provides other countries with peopl

8

Effects of migration on donor countries

Young migrants leave - population decrease.
--> low marriage rates --> low birth rates

Places become depopulated
--> sports clubs + businesses struggle to survive.
--> local services (eg. post offices) close due to lack of demand

9

Receiver country

Accepts migrants

10

Effects of migrants on receiver countries

Young, skilled migrants take up jobs + pay taxes

Migrants put pressure on services such as hospitals, schools, transport

Government has to develop their services + infrastructure to meet demands

11

Individual migration

Individual migration is when people decide to move from their area/country by their own choice. They are not moving due to reasons such as war, poverty, political instablitiy, etc.

12

Migration

The movement of people from one place to another

13

The plantation of Ulster

Began 1609
English and Scottish settlers
Settled in land taken from Irish
-To stop rebellion
-So settlers could live a better life
-To spread Protestant religion
-To spread English customs

14

The effects of the plantation of Ulster

Planned towns with market at centre - Coleraine, Derry
Improved farming practices, introduced new crops, exports
new religions - Protestanism, Presbyterianism
Irish language was replaced by English
New customs and traditions

15

Organised migration

When a government undertook the settlement or a colonisation of territory abroad, eg. The Plantations by English and Scottish settlers in Ireland.

16

The European colonisation of South America

Organised migration
'New World' discovered 1492
Spanish and Portuguese settlers
Divided between two nations
-Conquistadores searched for wealth
-Settlers set up plantations (sugar cane, coffee, bananas)
-Missionaries spread Christianity "the cross follows the sword"

17

The effects of European colonisation of South America

New languages - Portuguese, Spanish
Settlements along coast
Inca and Aztec civilisations wiped out
Amerindian populations wiped out due to disease
African slaves brought over to work plantations - multi-racial society
Christian faith introduced

18

Forced migration

When people have to leave an area not by choice