Flashcards in Population part 4 Deck (18):
The moving of people out of their area/country
The moving of people into a country/area from another country/area.
The movement if people from one area to another within a country.
The movement of people from one country to another.
Lack of safety
Lack of services
Lack of jobs
Provides other countries with peopl
Effects of migration on donor countries
Young migrants leave - population decrease.
--> low marriage rates --> low birth rates
Places become depopulated
--> sports clubs + businesses struggle to survive.
--> local services (eg. post offices) close due to lack of demand
Effects of migrants on receiver countries
Young, skilled migrants take up jobs + pay taxes
Migrants put pressure on services such as hospitals, schools, transport
Government has to develop their services + infrastructure to meet demands
Individual migration is when people decide to move from their area/country by their own choice. They are not moving due to reasons such as war, poverty, political instablitiy, etc.
The movement of people from one place to another
The plantation of Ulster
English and Scottish settlers
Settled in land taken from Irish
-To stop rebellion
-So settlers could live a better life
-To spread Protestant religion
-To spread English customs
The effects of the plantation of Ulster
Planned towns with market at centre - Coleraine, Derry
Improved farming practices, introduced new crops, exports
new religions - Protestanism, Presbyterianism
Irish language was replaced by English
New customs and traditions
When a government undertook the settlement or a colonisation of territory abroad, eg. The Plantations by English and Scottish settlers in Ireland.
The European colonisation of South America
'New World' discovered 1492
Spanish and Portuguese settlers
Divided between two nations
-Conquistadores searched for wealth
-Settlers set up plantations (sugar cane, coffee, bananas)
-Missionaries spread Christianity "the cross follows the sword"
The effects of European colonisation of South America
New languages - Portuguese, Spanish
Settlements along coast
Inca and Aztec civilisations wiped out
Amerindian populations wiped out due to disease
African slaves brought over to work plantations - multi-racial society
Christian faith introduced