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Flashcards in population part 3 Deck (15):

Population distribution and density is uneven in Dublin

North Dublin

North Dublin has a low population desnity because much of farmland in North Dublin is used for market gardening - supplies apcuty with fresh fruit and vegetables.

Dublin airport is also located here and prevents Dublin City from sprawling north


Population distribution and density is uneven in Dublin

South Dublin

The Dublin mountains prevent the city from expanding south.

Settlement is almost completely absent in mountains - exposed to strong winds and winter frosts.


Population distribution and density is uneven in Dublin

Dublin city

High population density

city centre has many multi-story apartment blocks

high density terraced housing - Drumcondra

during the day, people travel into city for work


Population distribution and density is uneven in Dublin

expands westwards and towns such as tallaghr and clondalkin have grown as a result


Low population density can lead to..

1. Low marriage rates

2. Abandonment of land

3. Economic and political isolation


Low population densities: West of Ireland

Low marriage rates

Before 1930s - matchmakers arranged marriages
--> guaranteed eldest son a wife

Matchmakers declined in Ireland.
--> girls emigrated to Britain
--> girls with a secondary education went to Dublin to work as teachers, civil servants, etc.

Women did not like idea of staying on a small, poor rural farm

Bachelor farmers grew in the West
--> reduced when free education came in during 1960s


Low population densities: West of Ireland

Abandonment of land

Farms very small
--> difficult to make a living

Many farmers' children now have third level education
--> can gain jobs in areas other than agriculture

Small farms in west now used for forestry, tourism, etc.


Low population densities: West of Ireland

Economic and political isolation

Peripheral location of the west means it is far away from markets.
(Dublin, EU)

-Unattractive for industry

Fewer employment opportunities


Low population densities: Mali

Low marriage rates

Agriculture is very difficult - young men look for work in cities

Marriage rate falls - low birth rates


Low population densities: Mali

Abandonment of land

Desertification makes agriculture impossible
-high temperatures
-lack of rainfall

This causes rural-urban migration
--> land is abandoned


Low population densities: Mali

Political and economic isolation

Mali is land locked - goods must be transported by land through other countries

Companies find it difficult to invest

Infrastructure underdeveloped


High populationdensity: Kolkata

India - 1 billion people
Kolkata (Calcutta) - 14 million people

Rural-to-urban migration

People move to cities to find work and better services


Problems in Kolkata

Shanty towns called bustees
Homes made of cardboard, metal, wood, plastic

Pavement dwellers:
Many migrants live on streets

Lack of open space:
Bustees expanding into country side

Poor sanitation:
Sewage pipes overflow and contaminate water supply

Lack of clean water:
Shortage of clean water in bustees
Spreads diseases


Low population densities: Hong Kong

Colony of Great Britain until 1997

Population density - 6,300 per km2

Wealthy region - industrial sector

Land not suitable for living on


Problems in Hong Kong

Limited available land
Intensively used - cramped conditions

Shortage of clean water:
Pressure on water supply
Water polluted by sewage and waste

Overcrowding leads to noise and air pollution

High rise buildings:
Eyesore + blocks out light

Lack of open space:
Land reclaimed from sea (polders)
Shortage of open space in CBD
Little sunlight