Practice Questions: Electrolytes (MC) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Practice Questions: Electrolytes (MC) Deck (14):
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1. Why are electrolytes important?a. CNS functionb. Nerve functionc. Muscle functiond. All of the above

d. all of the above

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2. Which of the following is the major cation in the ECF?a. Potassiumb. Calciumc. Sodiumd. Chloride

c. sodiumECF Na

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3. Which of the following is the major cation in the ICF?a. Potassiumb. Calciumc. Sodiumd. Chloride

a. potassium ICF K

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4. Which of the following is false regarding dehydration?a. It can lead to an absolute increase in the amount of sodiumb. It can be caused by excessive water loss from sweatingc. It can lead to a relative hypernatremia d. It can be caused by cutaneous burns

a. it can lead to an absolute increase in the amt of sodium

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5. Which of the following could lead to a high Cl reading on your machine?a. Ptyalism and gastric reflux in horsesb. Vomitingc. Large intestinal diarrhea in horsesd. Bromide administration

d. bromide admin

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6. Which of the following can lead to hypokalemia in horses?a. Hemolysisb. Acute renal failurec. Anorexiad. HYPP

c. anorexia

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7. Hypokalemia can lead to?a. Tachycardiab. Cardiac arrestc. Hyperthermiad. Tachypnea

b. cardiac arrest

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8. HYPP in horses causes?a. Hyperkalemiab. Hypokalemiac. Hyperchloremiad. Hypochloremia

a. hyperkalemia

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9. Which is the proper Dietary ratio of Ca:P?a. 1:2b. 2:1c. 3:1d. 4:1

b. 2:1

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10. Which of the following could contribute to hypercalcemia?a. Hypoparathryoidismb. Renal Hyperthyroidismc. Nutritional Hyperthyroidismd. Lymphoma

d. lymphoma

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11. Which of the following is false regarding synchronous diaphragmatic flutter?a. Clinically relates to the contracture of the diaphragm in synchrony with the heart beatb. Also known as thumpsc. Occurs with horses suffering from fluid or electrolyte imbalancesd. Increases ionized/free calcium circulation

d. increases ionized/free calcium circ.

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12. Which of the following is false regarding Magnesium?a. Major extracellular cationb. Involved in many enzymatic reactionsc. Secreted in saliva of ruminants and sweat of horsesd. 1% is in blood and the rest is in bone, skeletal muscle, and soft tissue

a. major extracellular cation

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13. Hypomagnesemia can result from?a. Hemolysisb. Decreased GFRc. Tissue necrosisd. Grass tetany

d. grass tetany

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14. Hypermagnesemia can result from?a. Chronic renal failureb. Sweating in horsesc. Hypothermia in horsesd. Sepsis in horses

a. chronic renal failure