Practice Questions: Fluids Corrigan (MC) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Practice Questions: Fluids Corrigan (MC) Deck (21):
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1. Which if the following is not a component of the extracellular fluid compartment?a. Intravascularb. Transcellularc. Intracellulard. Interstitial

c. Intracellular

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2. Which of the following is the largest component of the Extracellular fluid compartment?a. Intravascularb. Interstitialc. Extracellulard. Transcellular

b. Interstitial

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3. Hydration is a physiologic balance between…?a. Intravascular and interstitial spacesb. Intracellular and extracellular spacesc. Interstitial and transcellular spacesd. Intracellular and intravascular spaces

a. Intravascular and interstitial spaces

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4. Which of the following is correct?a. Na, Cl, and HCO3 are mostly intracellularb. K, P04 and mostly extracellularc. Extracellular electrolyte concentrations change more easily d. Intracellular electrolyte concentrations change more easily

c. Extracellular electrolyte concentrations change more easily

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5. Which of the following is the hallmark or dehydration?a. Hypotonicity of the ECFb. Hyperkalemiac. Hypertonicity of the ICFd. Hypernatremia

d. Hypernatremia

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6. During dehydration, where does most of the water loss come from?a. Extracellular fluidb. Interstitiumc. Intracellular fluidd. Transcellular fluid

c. Intracellular fluid

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7. Which of the following is most likely to lead to hypovolemia?a. Pantingb. Hemorrhagec. Feverd. Lack of water

b. Hemorrhage

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8. Which fluid compartment is most affected by hypovolemia?a. Intracellularb. Extracellularc. Transcellulard. Interstiatial

b. Extracellular

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9. Why does sweating in horses lead to hypovolemia?a. horses can sweat a lot of fluid in a short amount of timeb. horses do not drink enough water when they sweatc. horses sweat both water and electrolytesd. horses are usually dying when they are sweating

c. horses sweat both water and electrolytes

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10. Which of the following is a result of decreased tissue perfusion?a. Increase in peripheral oxygenb. Decrease in peripheral lactatec. Decrease in heart rated. increase in peripheral lactate

d. increase in peripheral lectate

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11. Which of the following is not associated with shock?a. Warm extremitiesb. Decreased urine outputc. Tachycardiad. Increase in CRT

a. warm extremities

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12. Which of the following is the best way to monitor treatment of hypovolemia?a. Lactateb. Central Venous Pressuec. Body weightd. PCV/TS

c. body weight

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13. Which of the following is a prognostic indicator for a patient who presents for GDV?a. USGb. BWc. CVPd. Lactate

d. Lactate

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14. A dog comes into your clinic. She has a prolonged skin tent and mild tacky MM. How would you estimate her dehydration?a. 10% b. >10% (cool extremities, poor perfusion, CRT >3-4 sec. HYPOVOLEMIC!)c. 5-7%d. 8-10% (depressed, tacky MM, CRT >2sec, can correlate with hypovolemia)

c. 5-7%

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15. Calculate the maintenance dose for a 15kg dog.a. 900 Mlb. 9Lc. 0.09Ld. 0.090 Ml

l don't think any of these answers are correct ??????15kg x 50ml/kg/day = 750 ml

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16. Which of the following is true regarding the shock dose in small animals?a. 8-9 L/kgb. 8-9% of the body weightc. ¼ of the blood volume of the patientd. 80-90 ml/kge. All of the above f. B and D are correct

f. B and D are correctshock8-9% of body wt80-90 ml/kg

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17. Which of the following is true?a. When a patient is in shock you must administer one blood volume to correct the abnormalityb. A shock dose and a shock bolus are the same volumec. A shock dose should be divided into quarter boluses and quarter boluses should be administered as quickly as possibled. You should give one chock dose and check your patient and continue to give doss until signs improve

c. a shock dose should be divided into quarter boluses and quarter boluses should be administered as soon as possible

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18. Which of the following is an example of a crystalloid?a. Hetastarchb. Whole blood productsc. Hypertonic salined. Oxyglobin

c. Hypertonic saline

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19. 30 minutes after fluid replacement therapy how much of the fluids remains in the vasculature?a. 75%b. 25%c. 50%d. 37.8%

b. 25%

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20. For every 1 Liter of Hypertonic saline you should follow with?a. 1L of crystalloidsb. 100L of crystalloidsc. 10L of crystalloidsd. 1L of colloids

c. 10L of crystalloids

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21. Which type of fluids is recommended for SQ administration?a. Hypertonicb. Isotonicc. Hopotonic

b. Isotonic