Process of Separation - Individuation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Process of Separation - Individuation Deck (6)
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1

What is the Autistic Phase?

(Mahler)

Newborn to 1 month

*Infant focused on self*

-Incapable of investing in others/unresponsive to external stimuli

2

What is the Symbiotic Stage?

(Mahler)

1-5 Months

Infant breaks out of autistic shell

infant feels unity with mother and begins to understand the mother as a separate being

3

What is the Differentiation Phase?

(Mahler, Stage 1)

6-9 Months

Attention shifts from inward focus to outward focus

Infant begins to separate from caregiver by crawling

4

What is the Practicing Phase?

(Mahler, Stage 2)

9-14 months

Infant crawls and walks freely, explores actively and becomes distant from mother

5

What is the Rapprochement Phase?

(Mahler, Stage 3)

14-24 months

Infant desires to be independent

Infant moves away from mother but returns regularly to make sure that she is still there

6

What is the Object Constancy Phase?

(Mahler, Stage 4)

24 Months and On

Infant has capacity to recall mother despite absence

Child sees mother as separate individual from themselves