Flashcards in Process of Separation - Individuation Deck (6)
What is the Autistic Phase?
Newborn to 1 month
*Infant focused on self*
-Incapable of investing in others/unresponsive to external stimuli
What is the Symbiotic Stage?
Infant breaks out of autistic shell
infant feels unity with mother and begins to understand the mother as a separate being
What is the Differentiation Phase?
(Mahler, Stage 1)
Attention shifts from inward focus to outward focus
Infant begins to separate from caregiver by crawling
What is the Practicing Phase?
(Mahler, Stage 2)
Infant crawls and walks freely, explores actively and becomes distant from mother
What is the Rapprochement Phase?
(Mahler, Stage 3)
Infant desires to be independent
Infant moves away from mother but returns regularly to make sure that she is still there