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Flashcards in production of bile Deck (20):
1

bilirubin is blood

- garbage
- no digestive function
- is not necessary for life

2

cholesterol source of

- steroids
- cholic acid
- chenodeoxycholic acid

3

bile acid vs bile salts

bile acid is lipid soluble
bile salt is water soluble

4

human body is mostly water for fats to enter, fats are covered with bile and its coverings are

- lipid soluble bile acid then conjugated (cover) with sugar
glycine and taurine (bile salts)
- so inside is lipid soluble and outside is water soluble

5

bile salts goes into the

- gallbladder

6

gallbladder concentrates and absorbs

- bile
- absorbs Na, K, Cl, H2O, HCO3 EXCEPTS BILE SALTS
- ALL absorbable substance wil decrease in concentration overtime except bile salts
- will increase concentration answer bile salts except are all absorbable substance

7

CCK

- relaxes the sphincter
- contracts the gallbladder

8

bile

- is indispensable for fat absorption
- from bile salts from cholesterol covered with sugar glycine and taurine for micelles to eat and absorb fats

9

bile salts are recycled in the

- terminal ileum

10

resection of terminal ileum

- no bile salts reabsorption (a conjugated form of bile acid)
- Vit. A, D, E, K and fat malabsorption
- low calcium due to bile salt malabsorption causing osteoporosis

11

case:
after resection of bowel patient suddenly develops osteoporosis what part of the bowel is resected

- terminal ileum (where bile salts are absorb and produce calcium)

12

bilirubin

- gives golden yellow color to bile

13

stercobilin

- gives brown color to the stool

14

40% content of bile are

- phospholipids (lecithin)

15

most prominent feature of small intestine

- are villi

16

water and electrolyte reabsorption greatest at the

- villus tip

17

water and electrolyte secretion greatest at the bottom in the

- crypts of Lieberkuhn

18

only sugar that are absorbed are the

- MONOSACCHARIDES alone

19

greatest site of absorption of water and electrolytes

- COLON

20

in the kidney single most independent energy step
uses more energy than anyone else in the kidney

- sodium reabsorption drives the reabsorption of anything else