PSY101 -Chapter 10: Intelligence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PSY101 -Chapter 10: Intelligence Deck (22):
1

Intelligence

Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.

2

Intelligence Test

A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores.

3

General Intelligence (g)

A general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and others, underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test.

4

Factor Analysis

A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie a person's total score.

5

Savant Syndrome

A condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing.

6

Key Components of Creativity

1. Expertise
2. Imaginative thinking skills
3. A venturesome personality
4. Intrinsic motivation
5. Creative environment

7

Relationship Between Creativity and Intelligence

-- >120 IQ is evidence for creativity in a person.
-- Left parietal lobe supports convergent thinking: intelligence tests, requiring a single correct answer.
-- Certain areas of the frontal lobe support divergent thinking: creativity and imagination, How many uses for a brick can you think of?

8

Emotional Intelligence

The ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions.
--Perceiving emotions (on faces, in music and stories)
--Understanding emotions (predict them+changes+blends)
--Managing...(know how to express them in varied situations)
--Using...(enable adaptive or creative thinking).

9

Mental Age

A measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance. Thus,a child who does as well as the average 8yo is said to have a mental age of 8.

10

Stanford-Binet

The widely used American revision (by Terman at Stanford University) of Binet's original intelligence test.

11

Intelligence Quotient (IQ)

Defined originally as the ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca). The average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100.
-- IQ=ma/ca x 100

12

Achievement Test

A test designed to assess what a person has learned.

13

Aptitude Test

A test designed to predict a person's future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn.

14

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

The WAIS is the most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests.

15

Standardization

Defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested group.

16

Normal Curve

The symmetrical, bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. Most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes.

17

Reliability

The extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, or on retesting.

18

Validity

The extent to which a tes measure or predicts what it is supposed to.

19

Content Validity

The extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest.

20

Predictive Validity

The success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criterion behavior.

21

Intellectual Disability

A condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound. (formerly mental retardation).

22

Stereotype Threat

A self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype.