Flashcards in Psych Exam 1 Deck (179)
The inability of the general population to understand the motivation behind the behavior
The "normality" of behavior is determined by the culture
Alarm reaction stage
Fight or flight syndrome is initiated.
Stage of resistance
Individual uses the physiological responses of the first stage as a defense to adapt to the stressor. If adaption occurs, third stage is prevented or delayed.
Stage of exhaustion
Prolonged exposure to the stressor to which the body had become adjusted.
The immediate response
The hypothalamus stimulates the sympathetic nervous system
Sustained stress response
Promotes susceptibility to diseases of adaptation
Anxiety & grief
Two major primary psychological response patterns to stress
A diffuse apprehension that is vague in nature and is associated with feelings of uncertainty and helplessness.
Seldom a problem, can provide motivation for survival, still function at optimal level
Perceptual field diminishes, may still attend to needs, less alert
Perceptual field is so finished that concentration centers on one detail only or on many extraneous details, much difficulty completing a task
The most intense state of anxiety, unable to focus on even one detail within the environment, hallucinations.
Used at the mild to moderate state of anxiety
Repressed severe anxiety can cause
Psychoneurotic patterns of behaving like anxiety and somatoform disorders
Symptoms are anxiety and avoidance of behavior
Physical symptoms for which there is no demonstrable organic pathology (hypochondriac & pain disorder)
Extended periods of panic can lead to
Psychotic behavior such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective, and delusional disorder.
Subjective star of emotional, physical, and social responses to the loss of a valued entity; the loss may be real or perceived
Stages of grief
DABDA; Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Acceptance
Experiencing of grief process before the actual loss occurs
Length of the grief process is entirely individual. It can last from a few weeks to years and it is influenced by a number of factors; thought to occur when a person can look back on the relationship and accept both the pleasures and the disappointments of the association.
Intense preoccupation with memories of the lost entity for many years after the loss has occurred. Behaviors of denial and anger are exhibited.
The individual because fixed in the denial stage of grieving.
Fixed in the anger stage of grieving. All behaviors are exaggerated.
Clinical disorders and other conditions that may be a focus of clinical attention; "why are they in the ward?" Includes all disorders except personality and MR patients.
Personality disorders and mental retardation- usually begin in childhood and are stable into adulthood.
General medical conditions that are relevant to understanding the management of the individual's mental disorder
Psychosocial and environmental problems; "what happened in life to cause illness?" These are problems that may affect diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of mental disorders named on axes I and II.