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Flashcards in Psych Exam 1 Deck (179)
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Incomprehensibility

The inability of the general population to understand the motivation behind the behavior

1

Cultural relativity

The "normality" of behavior is determined by the culture

2

Alarm reaction stage

Fight or flight syndrome is initiated.

3

Stage of resistance

Individual uses the physiological responses of the first stage as a defense to adapt to the stressor. If adaption occurs, third stage is prevented or delayed.

4

Stage of exhaustion

Prolonged exposure to the stressor to which the body had become adjusted.

5

The immediate response

The hypothalamus stimulates the sympathetic nervous system

6

Sustained stress response

Promotes susceptibility to diseases of adaptation

7

Anxiety & grief

Two major primary psychological response patterns to stress

8

Anxiety

A diffuse apprehension that is vague in nature and is associated with feelings of uncertainty and helplessness.

9

Mild anxiety

Seldom a problem, can provide motivation for survival, still function at optimal level

10

Moderate anxiety

Perceptual field diminishes, may still attend to needs, less alert

11

Severe anxiety

Perceptual field is so finished that concentration centers on one detail only or on many extraneous details, much difficulty completing a task

12

Panic

The most intense state of anxiety, unable to focus on even one detail within the environment, hallucinations.

13

Defense mechanisms

Used at the mild to moderate state of anxiety

14

Repressed severe anxiety can cause

Psychoneurotic patterns of behaving like anxiety and somatoform disorders

15

Anxiety disorders

Symptoms are anxiety and avoidance of behavior

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Somatoform disorders

Physical symptoms for which there is no demonstrable organic pathology (hypochondriac & pain disorder)

17

Extended periods of panic can lead to

Psychotic behavior such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective, and delusional disorder.

18

Grief

Subjective star of emotional, physical, and social responses to the loss of a valued entity; the loss may be real or perceived

19

Stages of grief

DABDA; Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Acceptance

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Anticipatory grief

Experiencing of grief process before the actual loss occurs

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Resolution

Length of the grief process is entirely individual. It can last from a few weeks to years and it is influenced by a number of factors; thought to occur when a person can look back on the relationship and accept both the pleasures and the disappointments of the association.

22

Prolonged response

Intense preoccupation with memories of the lost entity for many years after the loss has occurred. Behaviors of denial and anger are exhibited.

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Delayed/inhibited response

The individual because fixed in the denial stage of grieving.

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Distorted response

Fixed in the anger stage of grieving. All behaviors are exaggerated.

25

Axis I

Clinical disorders and other conditions that may be a focus of clinical attention; "why are they in the ward?" Includes all disorders except personality and MR patients.

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Axis II

Personality disorders and mental retardation- usually begin in childhood and are stable into adulthood.

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Axis III

General medical conditions that are relevant to understanding the management of the individual's mental disorder

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Axis IV

Psychosocial and environmental problems; "what happened in life to cause illness?" These are problems that may affect diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of mental disorders named on axes I and II.

29

Axis V

The measurement of an individual's psychological, social, and occupational functioning on the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale