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Flashcards in Psych Exam 2 Deck (189)
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1

dispositional crises

acute response to an external situational stressor

2

crises of anticipated life transitions

normal life-cycle transition that may be anticipated but over which the individual may feel lack of control

3

crises from traumatic stress

unexpected, external stressor

4

maturational/developmental crises

unresolved conflicts in life

5

psychiatric emergency

general functioning has been compromised and the individual is incompetent or unable to assume personal responsibility

6

signs of anger

frowning, clenched fists, low-pitched voice, easily offended, etc (refer to lecture notes if you need more!)

7

signs of aggression

pacing, threats, loud voice, panic, etc (refer to lecture notes if you need more!)

8

factors for assessing violent behavior

past history of violence, client diagnosis, current behaviors

9

common diagnoses associated with violence

substance abuse, schizophrenia, mood disorders, dementia, personality disorders

10

prodromal syndrome

current behaviors that are predictive of impending violence- rigid posture, grim, arguing, pounding & slamming

11

substance abuse according to DSM-IV TR

evidence of tolerance, withdrawal, and a great deal of time is spent obtaining the substance, using, recovering, and daily activities are compromised

12

what Erikson stage are substance abusers in?

identity vs. role confusion

13

what Freud stage are substance abusers in?

oral

14

phase 1 of alcoholism

prealcoholic phase- alcohol used to relieve everyday stress and tensions of life

15

phase 2 of alcoholism

early alcoholic phase- begins with blackouts, alcohol is now required by person

16

phase 3 of alcoholism

crucial phase- person has lost control

17

phase 4 of alcoholism

chronic phase- emotional and physical disintegration; more intoxicated days than sober days

18

acute alcoholic myopathy

vitamin B deficiency; muscle pain, swelling, weakness, red urine

19

chronic alcoholic myopathy

gradual wasting and weakness in skeletal muscles

20

Wernicke's encephalopathy

most serious form of thiamine deficiency in alcoholics

21

Korsakoff's psychosis

syndrome of confusion, loss of recent memory

22

alcoholic cardiomyopathy

enlargement of heart and weakened

23

acute pancreatitis with alcoholism

occurs one to two days after binge

24

chronic acute pancreatitis with alcoholism

leads to pancreatic insufficiency; steatorrhea (fatty stools), diabetes, malnutrition

25

cirrhosis

end stage of alcoholic liver disease caused by long term alcohol use

26

esophageal varices

veins in esophagus become distended

27

alcohol intoxication occurs at

100-200 mg/dL

28

alcohol withdrawal occurs

within 4-12 hours of cessation or reduction in heavy alcohol use

29

CAGE

have you ever felt the need to Cut down on drinking? Have people Annoyed you by criticizing your drinking? Have you ever felt Guilty about your drinking? Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning (Eye opener)

30

Disulfiram (Antabuse)

drug that makes you sick or can even cause death is copious amounts of alcohol is consumed