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Cluster A personality disorder

Odd and eccentric- paranoid, schizoid, schizotypical

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Cluster B personality disorder

Dramatic, emotional, erratic- antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic

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Cluster C personality disorders

Anxious, fearful- avoidant, dependent, obsessive compulsive

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Paranoid personality disorder

Cluster A- others are malevolent; condition begins by early adulthood- trusts no one, over sensitive

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Schizoid personality disorder

Defect in ability to form relationships- want to form relationship, but can't. Indifferent to others, aloof, inappropriately serious about everything, isolated

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Schizotypal personality disorder

Cluster A- "latent schizophrenics" odd and eccentric, but not to the level of schizophrenia. Aloof, isolated, bland, apathetic, MAGICAL THINKING

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Antisocial personality disorder

Cluster B- socially irresponsible, guiltless, disregard for law, manipulative

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Borderline personality disorder

Cluster B- intense & chaotic relationships, fluctuating and extreme attitudes, impulsive, most common type of personality disorder, lacks sense of identity, borderline because between neurosis and psychosis, inability to be alone, splitting

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Histrionic personality disorder

Cluster B- "all hangin' out", excitable, emotional, seductive, manipulative, exhibitionistic, distracts easy, difficulty forming relationships

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Narcissistic personality disorder

Cluster B- self centered, grandiosity, relaxed, cheerful, but can easily change because of fragile self esteem

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Avoidant personality disorder

Cluster C- sensitive to rejection, socially withdrawn, but desires relationship and is fearful of them, express feelings of being unwanted

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Dependent personality disorder

Cluster C- Excessive need to be taken care of, more common in youngest children, passive

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Obsessive-Compulsive personality disorder

Cluster C- inflexibility about the way things are done, common in oldest children, polite, rank-conscious, not emotional

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Passive-Aggressive personality disorder

Negative attitude and passive resistance, frequently changes roles, feel unappreciated, life has been unkind to them

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Splitting

Primitive ego defense- they view everything is either good or bad.

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General intellectual functioning

Measured by IQ tests

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Mild retardation

50-70 IQ- capable of independent living with some assistance

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Moderate retardation

35-49 IQ- can perform some activities independently

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Severe retardation

20-34 IQ- may be trained in hygiene skills, but requires complete supervision

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Profound retardation

Below 20 IQ- no independent functioning

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Autism

Fantasy world, withdrawn, introverted

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Lower IQ requires what type of intervention?

Environmental

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Higher IQ requires what type of intervention?

Cognitive

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ADHD

Inattention that is more frequent and severe than typically observed

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ADHD combined type

Can't sit still and can't pay attention

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ADHD inattentive

Can't pay attention

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ADHD hyperactive-impulsive

Can't sit still

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Major problems with ADHD

Difficulty performing age-appropriate tasks, highly distractible, difficult forming interpersonal relationships, accident prone

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Common comorbidity with ADHD

Oppositional defiant disorder

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CNS stimulant for ADHD

Ritalin, Adderall