Psychology of chronic pain Flashcards Preview

MD4001 Pathology > Psychology of chronic pain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychology of chronic pain Deck (12):
1

what is the specificity theory

sensation of pain is a direct representation of the damage experienced

2

what is the gate control therory

a gate is used as a metaphor for the chemicals that mitigate the experience of pain

pain is perception rather than sensation

3

what are pain behaviours

facial or audible expressions
distorted posture/ gait
negative emotions
avoidance of activity

4

what are gains associated with pain

not having to do something e.g. a chore

sympathy

pleasure from the person who helps the pain sufferer

5

what are the five Ds

dramatisation of complaints
disuse through inactivity
drug misuse due to over medication
dependency on others
disability due to inactivity

6

what are the features of chronic pain management

psychological approaches to minimise the amount of pain killer used and improve quality of life

7

how can pain be measured

numerical rating
descriptive adjectives however these have limitations

8

what are the features of the mcgill pain questionaire

type of pain
emotional response
intensity
timing of pain

captures a more multidimensional

9

what are behavioural interventions

reinforcement of adaptive behaviours
withdrawal of attention or other rewards that were responses to pain behaviour
providing analgesia at set times

10

what are CBT interventions

help patients understand that they can manage their pain

help pts understand that negative thoughts can lead to increased pain perception, distress etc

provide pts with strategies to manage their pain

11

what is biofeedback

a method to attempt to achieve control over body processes

helps to relax muscles and relieve headaches

12

what people are involved in pain management clinics

doctors
physios
OTs
nurses
psychologists
family