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Flashcards in Qbank Lessons Deck (27):
1

what develops in the lymph node follicles?

b cells

2

lymph node t cell locations

paracortex

3

lymph node b cell location

follicles and medulla

4

which pneumocytes can proliferate?

type II which also make the surfactant

5

cervical koilocyte looks like what and what causes it?

dark cytoplasm with perinuclear clearing (halo) caused by HPV

6

sarcoid granulomas produce?

ACE and vitamin D (hypercalcemia)

7

white cells which accumulate with sarcoidosis

macrophages and CD4

8

clincial landmark which is at the level of the trachial division into two bronchii?

sternal angle

9

digeorge syndrome caused by and leading too?

failure of 3 and 4 pharangyl pouch development. facial abnormalities, heart malformations, and thymic aplasia

10

pregnancy serum test findings for down syndrome

low: alpha-feto protein and unconjugated estriol
high: beta-hCG and inhibin A

11

high maternal alpha-feto protein indicates

neural tube defects, ventral wall defects (omphacele, gastroschisis) or multiple gestations

12

low maternal alpha feto protein indicates

anueploidi

13

define: pleotropy

multiple phenotypic results of a single genotype

14

rrheumatoid factor

RA patients make antibodies (IgM) against the Fc of their own antibodies. These later deposit in the sinovial fluid

15

what contains congenital hydrocele?

tunica vaginalis

16

bullemia nervosa vs anorexia nervosa

bullemia still meet minimal weight requirements (both have "binge and purge" subtypes)

17

oral white membranes that are easily scraped off

oral thrush secondary to candidiasis which is a classic presentation of HIV

18

what causes fixed splitting of the S2 heart sound?

atrial septal defect

19

long term uncorrected atrial septal defect causes damage to what?

irreversible pulmonary artery hypertrophy

20

more likely site of nerve compression on the leg?

fibular head (common peroneal nerve) cause it courses superficially around lateral surface

21

Hypocretin in csf

Narcolepsy

22

What vitamins does breast milk lack?

D and K

23

What activates eNOS in vascular endothelium ?

ACh, bradykinin, shear stress

24

Vaginal discharge thin off-white fishy odor

Bacterial vaginosis

25

Vaginal discharge thick white cottage cheese

Candida

26

Vaginal discharge smelly frothy thin yellow green

Trichomonas

27

Pulmanary atelectasis

Alveolar collapse