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Flashcards in Quick Facts Deck (198)
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1

Most common cause of neural tube defects?

Folate deficiency.

2

Most common cause of congenital malformations in the US?

EtOH.

3

Most common cause of congenital MR in the US?

Fetal alcohol syndrome.

4

Hyperflexible joints, arachnodactyly, aortic dissection, lens dislocation? The defect is in which protein?

Marfan syndrome.
Defect in fibrillin.

5

Hereditary nephritis, cataracts, sensorineural hearing loss. Defect is in?

Alport syndrome.
Defect in collagen IV.

6

Unilateral facial drooping involving the forehead. Ddx.

Bell's palsy.
Ddx is stroke, forehead usually spared.

7

Ptosis, miosis, anhydrosis.

Horner syndrome.

8

Amyloid deposits in gray matter of the brain:

Alzheimers.

9

Drooling farmer:

Organophosphate poisoning.

10

Inability to breastfeed, amenorrhea, cold intolerance:

Sheehan syndrome.

11

Infertility, galactorrhea, bitemporal hemianopsia:

Prolactinoma.

12

Most common causes of Cushing syndrome (3):

1. Exogenous steroids
2. Ectopic ACTH-secreting tumor
3. ACTH-secreting tumor in pituitary

13

Most common tumor of the adrenal:

Benign non-functional adenoma

14

Most common tumor of the adrenal medulla in adults:

Pheochromocytoma

15

Most common tumor of the adrenal medulla in kids:

Adrenal neuroblastoma

16

Medical treatment for hyperaldosteronism:

Spironolactone / eplerenone

17

Medical treatment for pheochromocytoma:

Phenoxybenzamine / phentolamine

18

Pheochromocytoma, medullary thyroid cancer, hyperparathyroidism:

MEN 2A

19

Pheochromocytoma, medullary thyroid cancer, mucosal neuromas:

MEN 2B

20

Adrenal disease associated with skin hyperpigmentation:

Addison disease

21

HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic acidosis:

Conn syndrome

22

Most common thyroid cancer:

Papillary

23

Cold intolerance

Hypothyroid

24

Enlarged thyroid cells with ground-glass nuclei:

Papillary thyroid cancer

25

Standard tx for DKA:

Fluids, insulin (IV), K+

26

Standard treatment for DM 1:
Standard treatment for DM 2:

DM 1: Insulin, low sugar diet
DM 2: Weight loss, exercise, oral agents

27

Dysphagia, glossitis, iron deficiency anemia.

Plummer-Vinson

28

Hematemesis with retching:

Mallory-Weiss tear, or Boerhaev's

29

Mucin-filled cell with a peripheral nucleus:

Signet ring cell

30

Most common type of stomach cancer:

Adenocarcinoma