Flashcards in Quick Facts Deck (198)
Most common cause of neural tube defects?
Most common cause of congenital malformations in the US?
Most common cause of congenital MR in the US?
Fetal alcohol syndrome.
Hyperflexible joints, arachnodactyly, aortic dissection, lens dislocation? The defect is in which protein?
Defect in fibrillin.
Hereditary nephritis, cataracts, sensorineural hearing loss. Defect is in?
Defect in collagen IV.
Unilateral facial drooping involving the forehead. Ddx.
Ddx is stroke, forehead usually spared.
Ptosis, miosis, anhydrosis.
Amyloid deposits in gray matter of the brain:
Inability to breastfeed, amenorrhea, cold intolerance:
Infertility, galactorrhea, bitemporal hemianopsia:
Most common causes of Cushing syndrome (3):
1. Exogenous steroids
2. Ectopic ACTH-secreting tumor
3. ACTH-secreting tumor in pituitary
Most common tumor of the adrenal:
Benign non-functional adenoma
Most common tumor of the adrenal medulla in adults:
Most common tumor of the adrenal medulla in kids:
Medical treatment for hyperaldosteronism:
Spironolactone / eplerenone
Medical treatment for pheochromocytoma:
Phenoxybenzamine / phentolamine
Pheochromocytoma, medullary thyroid cancer, hyperparathyroidism:
Pheochromocytoma, medullary thyroid cancer, mucosal neuromas:
Adrenal disease associated with skin hyperpigmentation:
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic acidosis:
Most common thyroid cancer:
Enlarged thyroid cells with ground-glass nuclei:
Papillary thyroid cancer
Standard tx for DKA:
Fluids, insulin (IV), K+
Standard treatment for DM 1:
Standard treatment for DM 2:
DM 1: Insulin, low sugar diet
DM 2: Weight loss, exercise, oral agents
Dysphagia, glossitis, iron deficiency anemia.
Hematemesis with retching:
Mallory-Weiss tear, or Boerhaev's
Mucin-filled cell with a peripheral nucleus:
Signet ring cell