Biochemistry Review III: Metabolism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biochemistry Review III: Metabolism Deck (14)
1

This amino acid is used to make GABA and glutathione:

Glutamate

2

This amino acid is used to make creatine, urea, and nitric oxide:

Arginine

3

This amino acid is the precursor to heme:

Glycine

4

This amino acid is the precursor to histamine:

Histidine

5

This amino acid is used to make niacin, serotonin, and melanin:

Tryptophan

6

This amino acid is used to make melatonin:
This amino acid is used to make melanin:

Phenylalanine is the precursor to melanin
Tryptophan is the precursor to melatonin

7

This vitamin is used in the synthesis of dopamine, niacin, histamine, porphyrins, and GABA:

Vitamin B6

8

Path by which phenylalanine is converted to epi:

Phenylalanine --phenylalanine OHase-->
Tyrosine --tyrosine OHase-->
Dopa --dopa decarboxylase-->
Dopamine --dopamine b-OHase-->
NE --phenylethanolamine N-methyltrans.ase-->
Epi

9

Important products made from tryptophan (3):

Niacin
Serotonin, which is converted to melatonin

10

Important product made from histidine:

Histamine

11

Important product made from glycine:

Porphyrin

12

Important products made from arginine (3):

Creatine
Urea
NO

13

Important products made from glutamate (2):

GABA
Glutathione

14

What are the breakdown products for the following:
Dopamine
NE
Epinephrine

Dopamine: HVA
NE: VMA
Epi: Metanephrines