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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (59)
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1

What is the definition of evolution?

A change in the heritable characteristic(s) of a population over time

2

Why do we study evolution? (two things)

To understand who we are as human beings and to understand the natural world around us

3

What is described at controlled breeding?

Artificial selection

4

What are the 2 things that sparked Darwin's imagination?

artificial selection and the natural world

5

Who looked at cork bark and called the compartments "cells"?

Robert Hooke

6

What is the modern definition of a cell?

Containing all the chemical components needed to sustain life and is bounded by a plasma membrane

7

Who described animal cells?

Antony van Leeuwenhoek

8

What are the 2 parts of cell theory?

1. all organisms are composed of cells
2. all cells arise from existing cells

9

What idea did Darwin and Wallace introduce?

That species characteristics change over time

10

What are the 2 components of Darwin's "Origin of the Species" book?

1. Life is the product of continuous change
2. All species arose from a single common ancestor

11

What is the definition of a population?

a group of individuals of the same SPECIES living in the SAME AREA at the SAME TIME

12

What is the definition of a trait?

a distinguishing feature of an organism

13

What does natural selection act on?

individuals

14

What does evolution act on?

populations

15

What was the popular belief prior to Darwin?

The theory of Special Creation

16

What are the two main ideas of the theory of Special Creation?

1. That all species were created by God
2. Species are immutable / incapable of change

17

What did Darwin suggest?

That the Earth was ancient, and that species are capable of change over time

18

What did Plato suggest?

That the world wasn't changing but was imperfect

19

What did Aristotle create?

The Great Change of Being (ordered all the organisms)

20

What did Linnaeus create?

Genus + Species

21

What did Lamarck do that had the greatest impact?

Greatly influenced Darwin with his hypothesis

22

What was the largest point that Lamarck was trying to get across?

Individuals change as they respond to their environment and it is PASSED ON TO OFFSPRING

23

What did Malthus create and suggest?

The "Principles of Populations" and suggested that people regulate family size

24

What did Lyell propose?

Slow moving forces continue to change the elements of earth and it's organisms

25

Who was Darwin's "Bulldog"?

Huxley

26

What did Darwin originally go to school for? (two things)

1. Med school
2. Theology

27

Who was a friend and mentor to Darwin and convinced him to go on his voyage?

Henslow

28

What was the name of the ship of the voyage?

HMS Beagle

29

Who was the captain of HMS Beagle?

Captain Fitzroy

30

How many years was the voyage and how many was it supposed to be?

Supposed to be two years, ended up being four years