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Flashcards in Recall (Limitations) Deck (128):
1

What are the "Airbus Golden Rules"?

1. Fly, navigate, communicate in that order with appropriate task sharing.

2. Use the appropriate level of automation at all times.

3. Understand the FMA at all times.

4. Take action if things do not go as expected.

2

This airplane is certified in the public transport category (passengers and freight) for day and night operations, in the following conditions when the appropriate equipment and instruments required by the airworthiness an operating regulation are approved, installed, and in an operable conditions:

- VFR and IFR

- Extended overwater flight

- Flight in icing conditions

- Maximum 180 passenger seats (A321: 220)

3

What are the parameters included in the stabilised approach criteria?

1. Aircraft is on the correct flight path with small changes to maintain this correct flight path.

2. The aircraft speed is with +10 to -5 speed target.

3. Correct landing configuration.

4. Sink rate is no greater than 1000fpm below 1000'HAA.

5. Appropriate thrust setting for the configuration.

6. All briefings + checklist are completed.

4

Minimum flight crew

2 pilots

5

Flight maneuvering load acceleration limits

Clean configuration:
-1G to +2.5G

Other configurations:
0G to +2.0G

6

Maximum taxi weight

77,400kg (A321: 93,400kg)

7

Maximum takeoff weight

77,000kg (A321: 93,000kg)

8

Maximum landing weight

66,000kg (A321: 77,800kg)

9

Maximum zero fuel weight

62,500kg (A321: 73,800kg)

10

Minimum weight

37,230kg (A321: 47500kg)

11

Mean runway slope

-/+ 2%

12

Runway altitude

9,200 feet (VH-VWT: 12,000 feet)

13

Nominal runway width

45m

14

Jetstar narrow runway width limit

30m

15

Crosswind limits for takeoff & landing on narrow (30m) runways?

Takeoff:
Dry 38 knots, wet 33 knots

Landing:
Dry 30 knots, wet 20 knots

(All figures include gust)

16

Maximum demonstrated crosswind

38 knots (including gust)

17

Maximum tailwind

T/O: 10 knots (VH-VWT & VH-VWY & VH-VWZ: 15 knots)

LDG: 10 knots (VH-VFT & VH-VFY & VH-VWT: 15 knots)
(Autoland & rollout remains 10 knots, landing with 15 knots tailwind, only FLAPS FULL is permitted)

18

Maximum wind for passenger door operation

65 knots

19

Maximum wind speed for cargo door operation

40 knots (or 50 knots, if the aircraft nose is oriented into the wind, or the cargo door is on the leeward side)

20

Maximum speed for config 1 (slats 18, flaps 0) in the air

230 knots (A321: 235 knots)

21

Maximum speed for config 1+F (slats 18, flaps 10) on the ground

215 knots (A321: 225 knots)

22

Maximum speed for config 2 (slats 22, flaps 15)

200 knots (A321: 215 knots)

23

Maximum speed for config 3 (slats 22, flaps 20)

185 knots (A321: 195 knots)

24

Maxim speed for config FULL (slats 27, flaps 40) when landing

177 knots (A321: 190 knots)

25

Maximum operating altitude with slats and/or flaps extended is

20,000 feet

26

Maximum speed with landing gear extended (VLE)

280 knots / M0.67

27

Maximum speed at which the LG may be extended (VLO extension)

250 knots / M0.60

28

Maximum speed at which the LG may be retracted (VLO retraction)

220 knots / M0.54

29

Maximum altitude at which the landing gear may be extended

25,000 feet

30

Maximum tire speed

Ground speed of 195 knots

31

Maximum speed to use the windshield wipers

230 knots

32

Maximum speed when the cockpit window is opened

200 knots

33

Minimum height for use of the autopilot in a circling approach

Applicable MDA -100 feet or MDH -100 feet

34

Maximum negative cabin differential pressure

-1psi

35

Maximum taxi speed when taxi weight is heavier than 76,000kg

Do not exceed 20 knots during a turn

36

Minimum height for use of the autopilot in a straight in non precision approach

Applicable MDA or MDH

37

Maximum positive cabin differential pressure

+9.0psi

38

During ground operations, with avionics ventilation system in normal configuration, what are the time limitations of the aircraft's electric power supply in the following OAT conditions, 49, 55, 60 and 64 degrees

49: no limitations
55: 2 hours
60: 1 hour
64: 30 minutes

39

Minimum height for use of the autopilot in a PAR or a RNP approach

250 feet AGL
(Use of the AP and/or FD is authorized in PAR approach, with HDG V/S or TRK FPA)

40

Minimum height to use autopilot on takeoff with SRS mode

100 feet AGL
(An internal FMGS logic prevents the autopilot from engaging during the 5 seconds after liftoff)

41

Minimum height for use of the autopilot other than an approach

A320: 500 feet AGL
A321: 900 feet AGL

42

Minimum height for use of the autopilot in a straight in LNAV/VNAV approach

Applicable DA

43

If the flight crew performs an CAT2 automatic approach without auto land, the autopilot must be disengaged no later than___?

80 feet AGL

44

Minimum height for use of the autopilot in an ILS approach when CAT2 or CAT3 is not displayed on the FMA.

160 feet AGL

45

CAT 3 fail passive (single) MDH

50 feet

46

Minimum height for use of the autopilot in a go around (AP or FD engagement)

100 feet AGL

47

CAT 3 fail operational (dual) with DH, MDH is

25 feet (A321: 22 feet)

2 autopilots must be engaged in APPR mode and CAT 3 DUAL must be displayed on the FMA

48

CAT 2 MDH

100 feet AGL

49

CAT 2 single and CAT 3 single auto land are only approved in configuration _____, and if engine out procedures are completed before reaching ______ in approach.

FULL

1,000 feet

50

Maximum wind conditions for CAT 2 automatic approach without autoland (A321)

Headwind: 40 knots

Tailwind: 10 knots

Crosswind: 25 knots

51

Max continuous load per generator

100% (90KVA)

Note:
It is forbidden to use the electrical outlets during takeoff and landing.

52

CAT 3 fail operational (dual) alert height

100 feet

53

CAT 3 fail operational (dual) without DH minimum RVR is

75m

2 autopilots must be engaged in APPR mode and CAT 3 DUAL must be displayed on the FMA

54

Maximum wind conditions for CAT 2 or CAT 3 automatic approach landing and roll out

Headwind: 30 knots

Tailwind: 10 knots

Crosswind: 20 knots

Note:
Wind limitation is based on the surface wind reported by ATC. If the wind displayed on ND exceeds the limitations above, but the tower reports a surface wind within the limitations, then the autopilot can remain engaged.

If the tower reports a surface wind beyond limitations, only CAT 1 automatic approach without auto land can be performed

55

Maximum allowed wing OUTER fuel tanks imbalance

690kg (VFN/O/P/Q/T/U/V/X: 370kg)

56

Maximum continuous load per TR

200 amps

Note:
It is forbidden to use the electrical outlets during takeoff and landing.

57

Maximum JET-A1 fuel temperature

+54 degrees Celsius

58

Minimum JET-A1 fuel temperature

-43 degrees Celsius

59

Maximum allowed wing INNER fuel tanks imbalance with the heavier tank is Full, 4300kg and 2250kg

Full: 1,500kg

4,300kg: 1,600kg

2,250kg: 2,250kg

The variation is linear between these values, there is no limitation below 2,250kg.

60

Tanks must be emptied in the following order:

Center tank then wing tank

Note:
Takeoff on center tank is prohibited

61

Maximum brake temperature for takeoff (brake fans OFF) is

300 degrees Celsius

62

Minimum fuel quantity for takeoff

1,500kg and WING TK LO LVL warning must not be displayed on ECAM for takeoff

63

Maximum taxi speed if 2 tires are deflated on the same main gear (with the other main gear not being deflated)

3 knots and the NWS angle limited to 30 degrees

64

Normal hydraulic operating pressure

3000 PSI +/- 200

65

Towbarless towing and pushback, the NWS angle is limited to

85 degrees

Note:
The device must be approved for the "accepted towbarless towing vehicles" that are listed in the airbus SIL 09-002

66

Maximum taxi speed when 1 tire is deflated on 1 or more gears (maximum of 3 tires)

7 knots when turning

67

IRS ground alignment has been demonstrated to be satisfactory up to _____ latitude

73 degrees

68

For towing and pushback, the NWS angle is limited to

95 degrees

69

When using the handwheels, the NWS angle is limited to

75 degrees

70

In NAV mode, the IRS will not provide a valid magnetic heading for latitude greater than

73 degrees North

60 degrees South

Note:
Flight outside the above noted limits is prohibited

71

When both PFDs are lost, can the flight crew use the ISIS bugs function?

No

72

Minimum flight crew oxygen pressure for 2 crew members at 10, 20 and 30 degrees Celsius.

10 degrees: 706psi (+1 OBS: 926psi)
20 degrees: 731psi (+1 OBS: 959psi)
30 degrees: 756psi (+1 OBS: 992psi)

73

Protection after loss of cabin pressure, with mask regulator on NORMAL (diluted oxygen) during cruise at FL100 for 2 crew members for

107 minutes

74

Protection after loss of cabin pressure, with mask regulator on NORMAL (diluted oxygen) during an emergency descent for all cockpit members for

13 minutes

75

The APU may be started and operated even if the LOW OIL LEVEL ECAM advisory is displayed. Maintenance action is required within the next ____________.

Next 10 hours of APU operation

76

Protection in case of smoke, with 100% oxygen: for all cockpit members for ____ minutes at a cabin altitude if 8,000 feet

15 minutes

77

Maximum APU N rotor speed (ECAM display)

107%

Note:
The APU automatically shuts down at 107% N speed, that appears on the ECAM. This corresponds to an actual N speed of 106%.

78

APU starter limitation

After 3 starter motor duty cycles, wait 60 minutes before attempting 3 more cycles.

79

Maximum APU EGT start below 35,000 feet

1,090 degrees Celsius

80

Maximum APU EGT

675 degrees Celsius

81

APU electric power extraction at or below 25,000 feet ISA +35 degrees Celsius and below

90KVA

82

Maximum APU EGT start above 35,000 feet

1,120 degrees Celsius

83

Maximum altitude to use APU's electrical power

41,000 feet

84

Altitude limit for using APU bleed to run 2 packs

15,000 feet

85

APU battery start limit altitude (ELEC EMER CONFIG)

25,000 feet

86

APU ground starting and operating limit altitude

14,500 feet

87

Altitude limit for using APU bleed to run only 1 pack

22,500 feet

88

Maximum refueling pressure

50psi

89

Maximum defueling pressure

11psi

90

Minimum oil temperature prior to takeoff

50 degrees Celsius

91

Minimum starting oil temperature

-40 degrees Celsius

92

Maximum engine EGT during start

635 degrees Celsius

93

Maximum engine EGT during MCT

610 degrees Celsius with no time limits

94

Maximum engine EGT during TOGA and time allowances

635 degrees Celsius for 5 minutes (OEI: 10 minutes)
(A321: 650 degrees Celsius)

95

Minimum oil temperature prior to exceeding idle

-10 degrees Celsius

96

Maximum oil transient temperature and how long?

165 degrees Celsius for 15 minutes

97

Maximum continuous oil (MCT) temperature

155 degrees Celsius

98

Minimum oil pressure

60psi

99

Minimum oil quantity

11 US quart + 0.3 quart per flying hour

100

Maximum N1 & N2 RPM

100%

101

High vibration indication pulses when

During engine start on the ground: N2 exceeds 6.5 units

In operation: N1 or N2 exceeds 5 units

102

IAE engine starter limitations

3 consecutive cycles with 2 cycles of 2 minutes each followed by a 3rd cycle of 1 minute

Pause 15 seconds between start attempts

30 minutes of cooling period following 3 start attempts or 4 minutes of continuous cranking

No running engagement of the starting, when N2 is above 10% on the ground, and 18% in flight

103

Reverse thrust is not permitted

In flight, to back up the aircraft and maximum reverse thrust can not be used below 70 knots, idle reverse is permitted down to aircraft stop.

104

Thrust reduction must not exceed 25% of the full rated takeoff thrust. To meet this requirement, the flexible temperature must not be higher than

A320: ISA +55 degrees Celsius (T MAX FLEX)

A321: ISA +42 degrees Celsius (T MAX FLEX)

105

The engine is capable of staring in crosswinds up to

35 knots

106

When using high pressure cart we can not use

APU bleed to avoid bleed system damage.

107

Ram air valves only open if delta (change in) pressure is lower than

1psi

108

Airflow supplied from the ground cart shall not exceed

1.2kg/seconds

109

Air condition temperature control knobs have a range of

18 - 30 degrees Celsius with normal setting of 24 degrees Celsius

110

When using low pressure cart, we can not use

Neither packs to avoid chattering of the non-return valves.

111

Maximum delta (change in) pressure is

8.6psi, that's when the safety relief valve opens

112

Maximum bleed normal pressure

8.06psi

113

Maximum bleed overload pressure

9psi

114

When the accumulator pressure gauge (showing only the yellow system) is in the green range, how long can it hold the parking brake for?

Minimum of 12 hours

115

List the 4 conditions that requires a brake maintenance and replacements

1: one brake temperature exceeds 900 degrees Celsius

2: 2 brakes on the same gear exceeds 150 degrees, or if 1 of the brakes exceeds 600 degrees Celsius or less than 60 degrees Celsius (indicating not operating)

3: average temperature difference between left and right gear is greater than 200 degrees Celsius

4: a fuse plug has melted

116

Fuel tank weights capacities

Outer: 0.691T x2

Inner: 5.435T x2

Center: 6.476T

Total: 18.728T

117

Minimum battery voltage before staring APU

25.5V

118

Wingspan dimensions

A320 & A321: 34.1m
A320-S: 35.8m

119

Wheel base span between main gears

7.59m

120

Front gear and main gear distance

A320: 12.64m
A321: 12.91m

121

Aircraft length

A320: 37.57m
A321: 44.51m

122

What is the turbulence penetration speed speeds?

Below FL200: 250kts

Above FL200: 275kts

Above FL320 (cruise): M0.76

123

Maximum operating speed VMO/MMO

350 knots / M0.82

124

What is the minimum runway width for a 180 degree turn?

22.9m

125

(A321) Maximum allowed wing fuel tanks imbalance when the heavy tank content is FULL, 4000kg and 2350kg (empty on the other side)

FULL: 1320kg
4000kg: 1450kg
2350kg: 2350kg

126

Operating envelope
Maximum recommended ceiling and maximum service ceiling

39,800 feet (with a 3G buffer)

41,000 feet

127

At what speed does the landing gear safety valve operates

260 knots

128

Aircraft height

A320/1: 11.755m