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Flashcards in Rectal Prolapse Deck (7)
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1

What is a rectal prolapse. (2)

There are two types of rectal prolapse.
1. Full-thickness - a prolapse of all the layers of rectal wall through the anus. (this is known as type 2/complete).
2. Mucosal - a prolapse of the rectal mucosa through the anus. (this is known as type 1/partial).

2

Who is most at risk of developing a rectal prolapse. (2)

The majority of patients who develop this problem are women. (usually multiparous).
Children less than 3 years old are also at risk.

3

What are the symptoms of a rectal prolapse. (3)

Palpable mass.
Faecal incontinence.
PR bleeding.

4

What are the signs of a rectal prolapse. (3)

Protruding rectal mass. (ask the patient to bear down).
Reduced sphincter tone in PR.
Evidence of ulceration.

5

Is type 1 or type 2 rectal prolapse more common.

Type 2.

6

What percentage of patients with rectal prolapse experience incontinence.

75%.

7

What are the causes of rectal prolapse. (4)

Lax sphincter.
Prolonged straining.
Related to chronic neurological and psychological disorders.