Flashcards in Rectal Prolapse Deck (7)
What is a rectal prolapse. (2)
There are two types of rectal prolapse.
1. Full-thickness - a prolapse of all the layers of rectal wall through the anus. (this is known as type 2/complete).
2. Mucosal - a prolapse of the rectal mucosa through the anus. (this is known as type 1/partial).
Who is most at risk of developing a rectal prolapse. (2)
The majority of patients who develop this problem are women. (usually multiparous).
Children less than 3 years old are also at risk.
What are the symptoms of a rectal prolapse. (3)
What are the signs of a rectal prolapse. (3)
Protruding rectal mass. (ask the patient to bear down).
Reduced sphincter tone in PR.
Evidence of ulceration.
Is type 1 or type 2 rectal prolapse more common.
What percentage of patients with rectal prolapse experience incontinence.