Reproductive system terminologies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Reproductive system terminologies Deck (29):
0

Final straight portion of intestine normally 12 cm long

Rectum

1

Ring or sphinctor, opening at the end of the digestive system

Anus

2

Sac-like hollow organ used for the storage of urine.

Urinary bladder: holds 600-800 ml of Urine

3

A slightly movable cartilaginous joint between the anterior surfaces of the hip bones

Pubic symphysis

4

The hollow muscular organ in females: role

Uterus also called womb: is the site of menstruation, implantation, development of the fetus.

5

Tube extends laterally from uterus lied within found of broad ligaments of the uterus. Role:

Uterine tube: provides a route for sperm to reach

6

Egg receptacles one on either side of the uterus resemble unshelled almonds: role

Ovary: produce gametes that develop into mature ova (eggs) after fertilization and hormones

7

An erectile organ of the female, located at the anterior junction of the labia minora,

Clitoris: is homologous to the male penis. Like male structure, it is capable of enlargement upon tactile stimulus. It has a role in sexual excitement in the female

8

Canal lined with mucous membrane, exterior body to cervix.

Vagina: it is the passage for penis, menstrual flow and childbirth. Average 4 inches long

9

Urine passes through this during urination

External urethral orifice, aka urinary meatus.

10

Tube connecting urinary bladder to genitals. shorter in females than males. Between clitoris and vagina externally.

Urethra

11

Fingerlike structures, especially the lateral ends of the uterine (fallopian) tubes.

Fimbriae: Sex hormones activate fibriae. Oocyte is released from ovary of the cilia of the fibrae sweep the ovam into the Fallopian tube

12

Large folds in the mucosa of an empty hollow organ, such as the stomach or vagina

Rugae

13

Male gonad that produces sperm and the hormones testosterone and inhibin

Testis, also called a testicle.

14

A dual-chambered protuberance of skin and muscle, present in some male mammals

Scrotum: contains the testicles and is divided by a septum

15

A comma shaped organ that lies along the posterior border of the testis

Epididymis: contains the ductus epididymis, in which sperm undergo maturation. Plural is epididymides

16

The duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct

Ductus (vas) deferens, also called seminal duct

17

One of a pair of convoluted, pouch-like structures, lying posterior and inferior to the urinary bladder and anterior to the rectum,

Seminal vesicle: secret a component of semen into the ejaculatory ducts. Also termed seminal gland

18

A tube that transports sperm from the ductus (vas) deferens to the prostatic urethra

Ejaculatory duct

19

A doughnut-shaped gland inferior to the urinary bladder that surrounds the superior portion of the male urethra

Prostate: secretes a slightly acidic solution that contributes to sperm motility and viability

20

The widest and most dilatable part of the urethra canal

Prostatic urethra

21

The intermediate part of male urethra. shortest least dilatable. behind the pubic symphysis

Membranous urethra

22

the longest part of the male urethra

Spongy urethra, contains corpus spongiosum of the penis. About 15 cm long

23

One of a pair of glands located inferior to the prostate on either side of the urethra

Bulbourethral gland: secretes an alkaline fluid into the cavernous urethra. Also called a Cowper's gland

24

One of a pair of sponge-like regions of erectile tissue

Corpus cavenorum, contain most of the blood in the penis during an erection

25

Is the mass o spongy tissue surrounding the male urethra within the penis.

Corpus spongiosum.

26

Slightly enlaraged region at the distal end of the penis.

Glans penis

27

The loose fitting skin covering the glans of the penis and clitoris

Prepuce also called foreskin

28

Is the opening or meatus of the urethra. It is the point which at which urine in males and in femles, exits the urethra and also where semen in the male exits the urethra

External urethral orific