Flashcards in Resp Bible Deck (78)
where does the larynx become the trachea / the pharynx becomes the oesophagus?
at which level does the trachea bifurcate?
what is the lingual?
flap of tissue on the inferior medial edge of the left lung
which nerve supplies the diaphragm?
(C3, 4, 5)
what are the signs or horner's syndrome?
ptosis (drooping eyelid)
Miosis (contriction of pupil)
Anhydrosis (failure of sweat glands)
which lung cancer cancer do non-smokers get?
which antigen is present in squamous cell carcinoma?
what is the rima glottidis?
narrowest part of the larynx
where foreign bodies tend to block
obstructive lung disease + raised eosinophils?
obstructive lung disease + raised neutrophils?
Asian man with fever, weight loss and night sweats?
what test is done for legionella pneumonia?
urine antigen test
ABCDE of pulmonary oedema?
Alveolar bat's wings
kerly B lines
Dilated prominent upper lobe vessels
ziehl nelson stain positive for acid fast bacilli?
4 Cs of fibrosis?
Crackles (fine inspiratory)
D sign on X ray?
type 1 resp failure?
type 2 resp failure?
hypoxia and hypercapnia
factors of exudate?
protein > 30
LDH > 200
factors of transudate?
protein < 30
LDH < 200
what are the signs of metabolic acidosis/diabetic ketoacidosis?
Type 1 diabetic not taking insulin and vomiting
deep laboured breathing
thumbprint on head X ray?
what is the most common cause of epiglottitis?
how is epiglottitis treated?
don't touch with tongue depressor
Increased ACE and calcium?
where is respiratory rhythm established?
which type of firing in the medulla initiates inspiration and expiration??
dorsal = inspiratory
ventral = expiratory
how is breathing modified in the pons?
apneustic centre = prolongs inspiration (can cause apneustic breathing)
Pneumotaxic centre = inhibits inspiration
what is Henry's law?
the volume of a gas is proportional to the partial pressure of the gas in equilibrium with a liquid