Flashcards in Revision powerpoint - Resp Deck (54)
common causes of epiglottitis?
what causes whooping cough?
name 5 atypical pneumonia causes
who gets mycoplasma pneumonia?
children and young adults
how is chlamydia pneumonia contracted?
person to person spread
how is legionella pneumonia confirmed?
urine antigen testing
what are the signs of epiglottitis?
difficulty swallowing etc
what are the signs of whooping cough?
residual cough (months)
how is whooping cough treated?
antibiotics if cough <21 days (most effective under 7 days)
describe mycobacterium tuberculosis
thick waxy coat
acid/alcohol fast bacilli
what organism causes bronchiolitis?
90% due to RSV
what virus causes croup/laryngotracheobronchitits?
parainfluenza virus (types 1 or 3)
influenza A causes an epidemic and influenza B causes a pandemic, true or false?
influenza A causes pandemic due to antigenic shift
influenza B causes epidemic due to antigenic drift
how is RSV/bronchiolitis confirmed?
lab confirmation via PCR
what are the features of croup (viral laryngotracheobronchitis)?
how is croup treated?
corticosteroids + inhaled epinephrine in severe cases
what causes pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)?
how is pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) treated?
co-trimoxazole or pentamidine
who is more likely to contract aspergillus fumigatus and what might this cause?
can cause pneumonia and invasive disease
In normal people can cause aspergilloma (chest cavitation)
how is aspergillus fumigatus treated?
amphotericin B, vorconazole
what might be used to diagnose TB?
gamma interferon test
how is a pneumothorax/tension pneumothorax diagnosed?
normal = CXR - expiratory film looking for lack of lung markings, check ABGs
Tension = no time for X ray
if pneumothorax is small and asymptomatic does it need treatment?
treatment for large, tension or trauma/ventilation induced pneumothorax?
high flow oxygen
needle decompression - large bore venflon 2nd intercostal space mid clavicular line
pink frothy sputum?
what can cause pulmonary oedema?
usually heart failure
how is pulmonary oedema diagnosed?
treatment for pulmonary oedema?
what are the classifications of PE?
massive with shock or syncope
major with right ventricular dysfunction
major with normal right ventricle