Respiratory Emergencies Flashcards Preview

Paramedic > Respiratory Emergencies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Emergencies Deck (13)
0

What are four complications that interfere with adequate oxygen intake?

Upper airway obstruction
Lower airway obstruction
Chest wall impairment
Neurogenic problems

1

What are blebs or bullae?

Blisters

2

Fluid buildup occurs through what two mechanisms?

High pressure (cardiogenic)
High permeability (noncardiogenic)

3

High pressure mechanism of pulmonary edema is a result of what two things?

Left sided heart failure
Idiopathic pulmonary hypertension

4

What does idiopathic mean?

Of unknown cause

5

High permeability mechanism of pulmonary edema is caused by what 4 things?

Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Near drowning
Inhalation injuries
Environmental lung diseases

6

The mechanism of high permeability of pulmonary edema can occur after what?

Hypoxia

7

What is the Fick principle?

The movement and utilization of oxygen is depended on:
Adequate concentration of inspired O2

Appropriate movement of O2 across alveolar-capillary membrane into arterial bloodstream

Adequate number of red blood cells

Proper tissue perfusion

Efficient offloading of O2 at tissue level

8

What are five trade names for beta 2 receptors? (Lung dialators)

Proventil
Ventolin
Alupent
Metaprel
Brethine

9

What is the generic name for Proventil and ventolin?

Albuterol

10

What is the trade name for alupent and metaprel?

Metaproterenol

11

What is the trade name for brethine?

Terbutaline

12

What three drugs are used for acute respiratory problems?

Albuterol (Proventil,ventolin,volmax)
Ipratropium bromide (atrovent)
Metaproterenol sulfate (alupent)