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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (25)
0

What does bulging frontanelles indicate?

Increased intracranial pressure

1

What does sunken frontanelles indicate?

Dehydration

2

What three things make of the pediatric assessment triangle?

Appearance
Breathing
Circulation

3

What is acrocyanosis?

Cyanosis of hands and feet

Normal finding younger than 2 months when cold

4

What does weak central pulses indicate?

Significant hypotension and de compensated shock

5

What is the formula for selecting ET tube size for peds?

(Age ➗ 4) ➕ 4

Or

(Age ➕ 16) ➗ 4

6

What is the energy setting for synchronized cardioversion for peds?

.5-1 joules/kg

Repeat at 2 joules/kg as needed

7

PEDS
Adenosine dose

.1mg/kg
Second dose .2mg/kg
Up to 6mg

8

PEDS
amiodarone dose

5mg/kg
Max 15mg/kg

9

PEDS
Atropine dose

.02mg/kg
Max 1mg for child 2mg for adolescent

10

PEDS
Dopamine dose

2-20 mcg/kg/min tiltrated to effect

11

PEDS
Epinephrine 1:10,000 dose

.01 mg/kg

12

PEDS
Glucose dose

.5-1 g/kg

5%: 10-20 ml/kg
10%: 5-10 ml/kg
25%: 2-4 ml/kg

13

PEDS
Lidocaine dose

1 mg/kg
Max of 100mg

14

PEDS
Naloxone dose

.1 mg/kg
Max of 2mg

15

What is the formula for normal systolic BP for peds?

(Age X 2) +90

16

What is the formula for low systolic BP for peds?

(Age X 2) + 70

17

What are the eye opening ratings for pediatric glasgow coma score?

4: eyes respond spontaneously
3: eyes respond to speech
2: eyes respond to to pain
1: no response

18

What are the verbal ratings for the pediatric glasgow coma score?

5: smiles, orients to sound, interactive
4: cries but consolable, inappropriate interaction
3: inconsistently inconsolable, moaning
2: inconsolable, agitated
1: no response

19

What are the motor ratings of the pediatric glasgow coma score?

6: infant moves spontaneously
5: infant withdraws from touch
4: infant withdraws from pain
3: abnormal flexion to pain (decorticate)
2: abnormal extension to pain (decerebrate)
1: no motor response

20

What is the formula for normal systolic BP for pediatrics?

(Age ✖️ 2) ➕ 90

21

What is the formula for low systolic BP for pediatrics?

(Age ✖️ 2) ➕ 70

22

What are four signs of meningitis?

Fever
AMS
Irritability
Neck pain

23

What is Neisseria meningitidis?

Highly contagious and infectious meningitis

24

What are signs of Neisseria meningitidis?

Tiny red spots (petechiae)
Large purple rash