Respiratory: Symptomatic & Diagnostic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Respiratory: Symptomatic & Diagnostic Terms Deck (105):
1

breathing

-pnea

2

normal breathing

eupnea

3

slow breathing

bradypnea

4

fast breathing

Tachypnea

5

Shallow breathing

Hypopnea

6

Deep breathing

Hyperpnea

7

Difficulty breathing

Dyspnea

8

Inability to breath

Apnea

9

Ability to breath only in an upright position

Orthopnea

10

pattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase of depth and sometimes rate to a maximum level, followed by a decrease, resulting in apnea

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

11

popping sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli- occurs in disorders such as bronchiecstasis and atelectasis

Crackles

12

popping sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli- occurs in disorders such as bronchiecstasis and atelectasis

Rales

13

high-pitched, musical sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air flows through a narrowed airway- occurs in disorders like emphysema and asthma

Wheezes

14

high-pitched, musical sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air flows through a narrowed airway- occurs in disorders like emphysema and asthma

Rhonchi

15

a high-pitched crowing sound that is a sign of obstruction in the upper airway

Stridor

16

Degeneration and death of tissue with a cheese like appearance

Causeous necrosis

17

hoarseness

Dysphonia

18

Nosebleed (stazo=to drip)

Epistaxis

19

Coughing up and spitting out of material from the lungs

Expectoration

20

Material expelled from the lungs by coughing

Sputum

21

Coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs

Hemoptysis

22

To spit

ptysis

23

Excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood

Hypercapnia

24

smoke

capno

25

Excessive level of carbon dioxide in the lungs

Hypercarbia

26

excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs causing hypocapnia (low level CO2)

Hyperventilation

27

deficient movement of air in and out of the lungs causing hypercapnia

Hypoventilation

28

Deficient amount of oxygen in the blood

Hypoxemia

29

Deficient amount of oxygen in the tissue cells

Hypoxia

30

Condition blocking the flow of air moving out of the lungs (decreased complience)

Obstructive lung disorder

31

Condition limiting the intake of air into the lungs (earlier dynamic broncial compression)

Restrictive lung disorder

32

fluid filling of the spaces around the alveoli, eventually flooding into the alveoli

Pulmonary Edema

33

density on an x-ray representing solid material within the air spaces of the lungs, usually indicating inflammatory changes

Pulmonary Infiltrate

34

thin, watery discharges from the nose

Rhinorrhea

35

panting; obstructive pulmonary disease caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes by swelling of their mucous membranes, characterized by paroxysmal (sudden, periodic) attacks of wheezing, dyspnea, and cough

Asthma

36

Collapse of lung tissue (alveoli)

Atelectasis

37

Abnormal dilation of the bronchi with accumulation of mucus

Bronchiectasis

38

Inflammation of the bronchi

Bronchitis

39

Lung cancer

Bronchogenic carcinoma

40

constriction of the bronchi caused by spasm of the peribronchial smooth muscle

Bronchospasm

41

obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by over expansion of the alveoli with air, with destructive changes in their walls resulting in loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange

Emphysema

42

-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
-permanent, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema

COPD

43

inherited condition of exocrine gland malfunction causing secretion of abnormally thick, viscous mucus that obstructs passageways within the body, commonly affecting the lungs and digestive tract; mucus that obstructs the airways leads to infection, inflammation, and lung tissue damage

Cystic Fibrosis

44

Inflammation of the larynx

Laryngitis

45

-LTB, AKA croup
-inflammation of the upper airways with swelling that creates a funnel-shaped elongation of the tissue causing a distinct "seal bark" cough

Laryngotracheobronchitis

46

spasm of the laryngeal muscles causing constriction

Laryngospasm

47

presence of numerous polyps in the nose (polyp=tumor on a stalk)

Nasal polyposis

48

Inflammation of the pharynx

Pharyngitis

49

accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity

Pleural Effusion

50

Accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity

Empyema

51

Accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity

Pyothorax

52

Accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity

Hemothorax

53

Inflammation of the pleura

Pleuritis

54

Inflammation of the pleura

Pleurisy

55

chronic restrictive pulmonary disease resulting from prolonged inhalation of fine dusts such as coal, asbestos, or silicone

Pneumoconiosis

56

inflammation of the lung caused by infection from virus, bacteria, fungi, or parasites, or resulting from aspiration of chemicals

Pneumonia

57

pneumonia caused by the pneumocystis carinii organism- a common opportunistic infection seen in those with positive human immunodeficiency virus

pneumocystis pneumonia

58

air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall

Pneumothorax

59

inflammation of the lung often caused by hypersensitivity to chemicals or dusts

Pneumonitis

60

PE

-pulmonary embolism
-occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, most often caused by a blood clot

61

TB

-pulmonary tuberculosis
-disease caused by the presence of mycobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs characterized by the formation of tubercles, inflammation, and necrotizing lesions

62

inflammation of the sinuses

Sinusitis

63

periods of breathing cessation (10 seconds or more) that occur during sleep, often causing snoring

Sleep Apnea

64

acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils

Tonsillitis

65

URI

-upper respiratory infection
-infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract involving the nasal passages, pharynx , and bronchi

66

ABG

arterial blood gases
-analysis of arterial blood to determine the adequacy of lung function in the exchange of gas

67

pH

a measure of blood alkalinity or acidity

68

PaO2

partial pressure of oxygen measuring the amount of oxygen in the blood

69

PaCO2

partial pressure of carbon dioxide measuring the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood

70

examination of the body cavity with a flexible endoscope to examine within for diagnostic purposes

Endoscopy

71

use of a flexible endoscope , called a bronchoscope to examine the airways

Bronchoscopy

72

use of a flexible endoscope to examine the nasal passages and the pharynx to diagnose structural abnormalities such as obstruction, growths, or cancer

Nasopharyngoscopy

73

removal of a small piece of lung tissue for pathological examination

Lung Biopsy

74

two-part nuclear scan of the lungs to detect abnormalities of perfusion or ventilation, AKA V/Q scan

Lung Scan

75

made as the patient breathes radioactive material into the airways

Ventilation Scan

76

made after radioactive materials are injected into the blood and circulated to the lungs

Perfusion Scan

77

nonionizing image of the lung to visualize lung lesions

Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI)

78

PSG

-polysomnography
-recording of various aspects of sleep for diagnosis of sleep disorders

79

to listen; physical examination method of listening to the sounds within the body with the aid of a stethoscope, such as auscultation of the chest for heart and lung sounds

Auscultation

80

physical examination method of tapping over the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity such as the chest

Percussion

81

PFT

-pulmonary function test
-direct and indirect measurements of lung volume and capacities

82

portion of pulmonary function testing that is a direct measurement of lung volume and capacity

Spirometry

83

amount of air exhaled after a normal inspiration

Tital volume

84

amount of air exhaled after maximum inspiration

Vital capacity

85

-aka peak expiratory flow (PEFR)
-measure of the fastest flow exhaled after a maximum inspiration

Peak flow

86

noninvasive method of estimating the percentage of oxygen saturation in the blood using an oximeter with a specialized probe attached to the skin at a site of atrial pulsation, commonly the finger

Pulse Oximetry

87

x-ray imaging

Radiology

88

CXR

-chest x-ray
-x-ray image of he chest to visualize the lungs

89

computed x-ray imaging of the head is used to visualize the structures of the nose and sinuses of the thorax is used to detect lesions in the lungs

Computed Topography

90

x-ray of the blood vessels of the lungs after injection of contrast materials

Pulmonary Angiography

91

excision of the adenoids

Adenoidectomy

92

removal of a lobe of the lung

Lobectomy

93

removal of a nasal polyp

Nasal Polypectomy

94

removal of an entire lung

Pneumonectomy

95

puncture for an aspiration of the chest

Thoracentesis

96

repair of the chest involving fixation of the ribs

Thoracoplasty

97

endoscopic examination of the pleural cavity using a thoracoscope

Troracoscopy

98

Creation of an opening in the chest usually for the insertion of a tube

Thoracostomy

99

Incision into the chest

Thoracotomy

100

excision of the palatine tonsils

Tonsillectomy

101

T&A



-tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
-excision of the tonsils and adenoids

102

creation of an opening in the trachea, most often to insert a tube

Tracheostomy

103

incision into the trachea

Tracheotomy

104

-cardiopulmonary resuscitation
-method of artificial respiration and closed chest massage used to restore breathing and cardiac output after cardiac arrest

CPR

105

CPAP

-continuous positive airway pressure
-device that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages, commonly used during sleep to prevent airway closure in sleep apnea