Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

5240 Intro to Biomed > Respiratory System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (15):
1

What is a part of the upper and lower respiratory tract?

Upper: Sphenoidal, Frontal, Nasal sinuses. Pharynx
Lower: Trachea, Bronchi, Lungs

2

What are the regions of the pharynx, Superior to inferior?

1. Nasopharynx
2. Oropharynx
3. Laryngopharynx

3

What is the structure that routes air and food?

Epiglottis

4

Name the false and true vocal cords superior to inferior.

False (vestibular folds) Superior, True vocal cords inferior

5

What are the cartilages of the Larynx?

Thryoid, Cricoid, Arytenoid

6

Treachea hyaline cartilage is what shape?

C shaped.

7

What is the last ring of the trachea before splitting?

Carina

8

How many secondary bronchi are there on the right and left lung?

3 right, 2 left.

9

Where does gas exchange happen in the lungs?

Alveoli

10

What is the Hilum?

Collection of structure (ateries, lungs, lymph) that connect the lung to mediastinum

11

What is the basic surface anatomy of the lung?

Apex (top), Base (diaphragmatic), Costal surface, Mediastinal surface, Hilum.

12

What are the lobes and fissures of the right and left lung?

1. Right: Superior, middle, and inferior lobes. Oblique and horizontal fissure.
2 Left: Superior and Inferior Lobes. Oblique fissure.

13

How many pulmonary trunks, arteries, and veins are there?

1 Trunk, 2 arteries, 4 veins

14

Tracheobronchial, Parasternal, and Braciocephalic nodes are a part of what lymphatics?

Pulmonary Lymphatics

15

Describe the muscles involved in Inhalation.

Diaphragm contracts, External intercostals and scalenes contract.