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Flashcards in Safety Deck (26)
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1

Routine physical checkup

before starting a new fitness routine
advice on your abilities and limits and for suggestions to meet your activity needs.

2

Dress properly

-fit you comfortably, breathable fabric, appropriate for the weather
-shoes should comfortable and provide good foot and ankle support.

3

Regular Activity

-maintain good health and fitness
-reduce your risk of injury from overuse

4

Warm-Up and Cool Down

-warming up gradually raises heart rate and ensures your body is ready to handle the stress of physical exercise
-cooling down helps bring your heart rate back down, relaxes your muscles, and helps recovery
5-10 minutes

5

Listen to Your Body

Sharp pain, nausea, weakness, swelling, or dizziness can be a sign of injury or illness
-stop exercising, tell an adult and seek medical care if needed

6

Learn the Right Technique

-use correct form
-study the movement, learn from an expert and practice slowly

7

Make Good Choices

when, where, and how you will be active

8

Follow the Rules

-rules, policies, and laws reduce activity-related injuries

9

Safe Gear

proper protective gear and use of gear

10

Stay Hydrated

drink water before, during, and after exercise
6-8 glasses of water per day
thirst is a sign of dehydration

11

safety equipment includes:

sportswear (i.e. reflective clothing)
life vests
helmet

12

when beginning a fitness program, consider

current fitness level and set appropriate fitness goals

13

getting overheated can cause

heat stroke, severe dehydration, overheating, and exhaustion

14

exercising in very cold temperatures can cause

hypothermia and frostbite

15

head inside if you see

lightning

16

-Painful cramps, especially in the legs
-Flushed, moist skin

symptoms of heat cramps

17

-Move to a cool place and rest.
-Remove excess clothing and place cool cloths on skin; fan skin.
-Give cool water or sports drinks containing salt and sugar, such as Gatorade.
-Stretch cramped muscles slowly and gently.

first aid treatment for heat cramps

18

-Muscle cramps
-Pale, moist skin
-Fever over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit (or 38 degrees Celsius)
-Nausea or vomiting
-Diarrhea
-Headache
-Fatigue or weakness
-Irregular breathing and pulse

symptoms of heat exhaustion

19

-Move to a cool place and rest.
-Remove excess clothing and place cool cloths on skin; fan skin.
-Give cool water or sports drinks containing salt and sugar, such as Gatorade.
-Stretch cramped muscles slowly and gently.
-If there is no improvement or person is unable to take fluids, call a doctor or go to the hospital immediately. IV (intravenous) fluids may be needed.

first aid treatment for heat exhaustion

20

-Warm, dry skin
-High fever, usually over 104 degrees Fahrenheit (or 40 degrees Celsius)
-Rapid heart rate
-Loss of appetite
-Nausea or vomiting
-Headache and fatigue
-Confusion or lethargy
-Seizures, coma, and death are possible

symptoms of heat stroke

21

Call 911 or your local emergency medical service.

Follow directions of emergency responders, which may include:
-Remove excess clothing and drench skin with cool water.
-Place ice bags on the armpits and groin areas.
-Move to a cool place and fan skin to speed cooling

first aid treatment for heat stroke

22

What is the best choice to be safe while riding your bicycle?

Listen to music to help you focus

Ride in the road to assert your road rights

Wear a helmet to protect your head

Ride against traffic to be more visible to cars

Wear a helmet to protect your head

23

Which of the following choices for staying safe is best to attempt first when trying out a new activity?

Follow the same routine that the experts use, and don't stop just because of a little pain

Learn the rules and proper technique from an expert, and use the necessary gear

Work as hard as you can, and do not take any breaks until you've learned the skills

Try the skills on your own without pads or a helmet to see if you like playing

Learn the rules and proper technique from an expert, and use the necessary gear

24

Which of the following is a danger of exercising in cold temperatures?

Dehydration

Hypothermia

Stroke

Irritability

hypothermia

25

Juliana's exercise partner is running a high fever and feels nauseous. She also has a rapid heart rate. What should Juliana do?

Get warm food

Stay in the sun

Call 911

Add clothes

Call 911

26

What is a common response for managing heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke?

Discussing with teammates how it happened

Resting in a cool area while recovery begins

Moving more slowly to battle the dizziness

Fanning yourself before telling a coach about the issue

Resting in a cool area while recovery begins