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MY Bacteriology exam 2 > Salmonella > Flashcards

Flashcards in Salmonella Deck (45):
1

Salmonella Bongori is in which species?

lizards 

2

Salmonella Abortus equi causes what?

abortion in horses 

3

Abortus ovis causes what?

abortion in sheep and goats 

4

Choleraesuis causes what?

cholera in pigs 

5

Dublin causes what?

Diarrhea in cattle

6

Samonella Gallinarium is in what species?

chickens and turkeys 

7

Salmonella Pullorum is in what species?

Chickens and turkeys 

8

What does Typhi cause and in what species?

typoid fever in humans 

9

What species is Paratyphi in?

humans 

10

True/False: Typhimurium and Enteriditis causes disease in humans and animals

True 

11

Enteritidis usually causes disease via ____ that are contaminated 

eggs 

12

What does the pathogenicity island SPI-1 cause?

promotes invasion of enterocytes 

encodes type III secretion system (T3SS)

13

When enterocytes are infected with Salmonella what cytokine do they release?

IL-8

14

When macrophages are infected by Salmonella what cytokines do they release?

IL-1B/ IL-18

15

How is Salmonella transmitted?

fecal oral route 

16

What does Pathogenicity Island SPI-2 promote?

promotes survival inside macrophages 

encodes Type III secretion system 

17

Where in the body does Salmonella exist?

GI tract 

18

True/False: All the Salmonella serotypes can be transmited to humans

True 

19

What is the main clinical sign that you see with Salmonella?

diarrhea 

20

True/False: Salmonella can lead to Septicemia if there is macrohpage infection

True! 

21

Typhi is a human disease that normally causes _____

septicemia 

22

Typhimurium is usually a _____ disease 

enteric 

23

What does Salmonella normally cause in Ruminants?

Septicemia 

Enteritis

Enterocolitis 

24

What does Salmonella Dublin cause in calves?

Pneumonia 

25

True/False: Salmonella can sometimes lead to abortion in cattle 

True 

26

What is the most common serotype of Salmonella for all species?

Typhimurium 

27

Salmonella in what species can lead to Acute Fulminating Septicemia and Chronic debilitating enteritis?

Swine

*septicemia normally end in death. Enteritis leads to the pigs in hunched posture and diarrhea 

28

What serotypes can be found in swine?

Typhimurium

Cholerasuis

Abortus suis 

29

What serotypes of Salmonella affect horses?

Typhimurium 

Anatum

Abortus equi 

30

What are the predisposing factors for Salmonella in horses 

things that cause the animal to be hospitalized 

31

Paratyphoid of poultry is caused by any serotypes of Salmonella except?

Gallinarium and Pullorum 

32

Which serotype causes Pullorum disease in Poultry?

serotype Pullorum 

33

True/False: Pullorum disease is reportable 

True!

It causes a high mortality 

34

Fowl typhoid is caused by which serotype?

Gallinarum 

35

True/False: Fowl Typhoid is not reportable 

False

It is reportable 

36

Humans are susceptible to ____ serotypes of Salmonella 

all 

37

Humans normally get Salmonella from foodborne zoonses except which serotypes?

Typhi and paratyphi 

38

True/False: Typhoid fever is a human and domestic animal disease 

False

*Only see typhoid fever in humans 

39

Is typhi zoonotic?

NO- only in humans 

40

What is the cornerstone of therapy for Salmonella?

Fluids and hydration 

41

What is the most popular enrichment broth for Salmonella?

Tetrathionate 

42

What kind of hemolysis does Salmonella produce on blood agar?

non hemolytic- gamma hemolysis 

43

Does Salmonella ferment lactose? How will it look on MacConkey agar?

Does not ferment lactose and will be colorless on MAC agar 

44

In the TSI slant what will Salmonella show?

Hydrogen sulfide production- black percipitate 

A image thumb
45

What is the best way to control Salmonella?

Preventing spread!- clean up the environment

Don't have animals so close together