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Flashcards in schmoosic Deck (42):
1

Impressionism?

- Chromatic chords
- whole tone scale
- Debussy
- pedal notes
- vague rhythm quality
- pentatonic scale

2

Expressionism?

- Schoenberg's 12 tone technique
- extremes of instruments
- atonal
- no tunes
- dischords
- irregular rhythms

3

Minimalism?

- repetative
- no tune
- strong pulse
- music to create an atmosphere
- unconventional instruments
- limited melody

4

Aleatoric?

- random order
- music with an element of chance
- chord cluster

5

fusion?

- combination of classical and rock instruments

6

presto

very fast

7

allegro

fast

8

adagio

leisurely

9

monophonic

one instrument

10

polyphonic

many instruments (play different stuff)

11

homophonic

few instruments playing the same

12

melysmatic

more than one note in a syllable

13

ostinato

repeated idea

14

pedal

repeated note, continuous

15

canon

tune starts then starts higher

16

unison

all same notes

17

cerdd dant

combining poetry and music

18

art song

posh song, classical sounding

19

modal

doesn't necessarily have a key, no perfect cadence, no leading note

20

tremolando

trembling fastly with the bow

21

toute chord

everyone plays chord

22

polyrhythm

more than one rhythm played at same time

23

brass band

cornets, euphoniums, tenor horns

24

military band

woodwind, percussion and brass

25

modal renaissance

before major and minor (like pentatonic)

26

wind band

wind

27

folk band

banjo, acoustic guitar, bas dwbl, fiddle

28

full orchestra

everyone

29

string orchestra

string and percussion

30

string quartet

violin 1 and 2, viola and cello

31

1 sharp?

G major, f#, minor equivalent is E minor

32

2 sharps?

D major, f# and c#, minor equivalent is B minor

33

3 sharps?

f#, c#, and g#, A major, equivalent minor is F# minor

34

4 sharps?

f#, c#, g# and d#, E major, equivalent minor is C# minor

35

5 sharps?

f#, c#, g#, d# and a# is B major, equivalent minor is G# minor

36

Rhyme for sharps?

Father charles goes down and ends battle

37

Rhyme for flats?

Battle ends and down goes Charles' father

38

1 flat?

Bb, F major, D minor

39

2 flats?

Bb Eb, Bb major/ G minor

40

3 flats?

Bb, Eb and Ab, Eb major or C minor

41

4 flats?

Bb, Eb, Ab and Db,
Ab major/F minor

42

5 flats?

Bb, Eb, Ab, Db and Gb
Db major/Bb minor