Solas Flashcards Preview

NATURWISENSHAFEN > Solas > Flashcards

Flashcards in Solas Deck (30):
1

What is PALL?

- purpose, what is the text trying to do
- audience, who is it aimed at?
- language, What kind of words have been used?
- layout, how is the text set out?

2

How to succeed in longer writing tasks.

- plan before writing
- add detail to ideas
- check paragraphs and spellings

3

When proof reading your work, what to look out for?

- rounded off ideas
- paragraphs
- makes sense
- check commas and full stops
etc

4

Different types of transactional writing.

- letters (formal and informal)
- leaflets
- reports
- reviews
- articles
- guides
- speeches

5

Formal letter

- your address, their address, date, dear sir/madam, yours faithfully, formal tone, know your audience

6

Informal letter

your address, date, Dear ___, friendly tonem stay on task, sign off informally, eg lots of love, know your audience

7

leaflets

- Title
- Intro paragraph to outline purpose of leaflet
- variety of written styles - longer paragraphs, interspersed with bullet pointed or boxed out information, contact details, picture boxes (dont draw in them)
- adapt style and tone to question, theme park=lively, bright, emphasis on fun; Health advice=serious, earnest, useful
- KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE

8

Reports

- Title, business like
- introduction
- Body text separated with subheadings referring to content of paragraphs
- body text should explain HOW findings were come by
- concluding paragraph, summing up findings
- formal tone and style is required
- signature, name and date
- KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE

9

Reviews

- Title, usually the title of the film/CD and artist
- intro explaining text to be reviewed
- body text can use subheadings, perhaps focus on strengths and weaknesses of text in question
- conclusion to sum up ideas about text.
- be opinionated! This is a chance to be expressive and and creative in your opinions
- KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

10

Articles

- Title, lively, eye catching, use a pun, alliteration etc
- intro para to outline content
- sometimes good to break up text into distinct parts, use subheadings
- some bullet pointed ideas (dont overuse)
- lively, usually aimed at teens
- conclusion to sum up ideas
- KNOW YOUR FUCKING AUDIENCE

11

Guides

- similar to an article
- title should be lively, eyecatching, pun etc
- intro para to outline content
- sometimes good to break up text into distinct parts, use subheadings
- some bullet pointed ideas (dont overuse)
- lively, often persuasive
- conclusion, sum up ideas
- conclusion to sum up ideas
- KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE

12

Speeches

- greet your audience in first paragraph, explain what you will be saying
- build your argument through a series of points (3/4)
- conclude and sum up your ideas
- thank your audience for listening
KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE

13

Persuasive lango! lango! lango! ARRIBA!

- It is vital that
- i feel this is an important area for improvement
- there is a real need for
- in my opinion/view
- i feel/think/consider
- it is my belief that
- it is my considered that

14

Lango to link between paragraphs

- a further idea for improvement might be
- a further consideration might be
- likewise
- furthermore
- similarly
- as you can see from the comments above
- this brings me on to another suggestion

15

Arguing against other twats ideas

- contrary to this view, i feel that
- nevertheless
- in an ideal world
- however
- on the other hand
- those who oppose this idea believe that

16

being polite but persuasive

- im sure you will agree that
- i understand these objections
- i know you have the best interests of the pupils at heart
- please consider
- i would be very happy to discuss this matter further

17

making it personal

- your decision will make a real difference
- the school/society/you will directly benefit from

18

convincing twonks through the medium of research

- having surveyed 50 students in year 10
- in an interview, i conducted with
- "the Guardian" newspaper recently published an article on
- it has come to my attention that

19

contrast vocab

- conversely
- unlike
- in contrast
- yet
- however
- alternatively
- nevertheless
- instead of
- whereas
- in addition
- furthermore

20

purpose - to discuss

- this essay will discuss
- some people think that
- evidence for this is
- to support this theory
- for example
- as a result
- moreover
- is it reasonable to conclude
- on the other hand
- for instance
- consequently

21

Purpose - to explain

- i want to explain why/how
- to begin with
- it starts with
- there are several reasons for this
- this means
- the evidence for this
- after that
- next
- secondly
- and then
- an alternative explanation is
- following
- finally

22

Purpose - to instruct/advise

- how to
- what to do if
- you will need
- equipment
- first
- in order to
- make sure that
- check
- you ought to
- next
- after
- while
- it is advisable
- then
- obviously
- if
- finally

23

"The devilish art of persuasion"

- encouragement to think positively
- assertion, a point of view expressed as fact
- use of appealing descriptive language
- addressing the reader directly (YOU MOTHERFUCKER)
- appeal to the senses
- appeal to the the head, heart, etc
- rhetorical questions
- commands
- hard evidence, stats
- incentives, rewards, offers
- rule of three
- exaggeration

24

what factor should you use to persuade in the exam?

F E A R
- F = facts
- E = exaggeration and emotive language
- A = assertions and anecdotes
- R = rhetorical questions

25

how many ideas should you have for Persuading, using the FEAR factor?

round about 6?

26

What devices can you use for persuasive writing?

- personal anecdote
- facts and figures(stats)
- opinion
- repetition
- emotive language(where appropriate)
- rule of three
- rhetorical questions
- informal language/humour(if appropriate)

27

Review (detailed) of a film

- Title, catchy, indicative, pun
- Paragraph 1, summarise film and give early suggestions to your view
- para 2, start or continue summary of film, don't give spoilers!!!!
- para 3 and 4, positive things you thought about the film, what did you like? why? descriptive words, think about the story, setting, effects used, music used
- para 5 and 6, negative things you thought about the film
- para 7 and 8, characterisation, talk about characters, did you like them? acting good? will certain people like the characters or not?
- paragraph 9 - final comments, general comments to summarise your review, say something inspiring to get the reader to go watch the film.. Or not if it was shit, give it a final rating

28

What are the 3 golden rules for writing an article?

PIE
- Persuade
- Inform
- Evidence

29

Article (detailed)

- HEADING (EYE CATCHING)
- Opening paragraph
- Body of the article(main points and ideas)
- always end with a conclusion(brief summary which involves the reader)

30

What is essential for writing a lively magazine article?

- Middle beginning and end, must catch the readers attention