Semester 1 Final Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Semester 1 Final Deck (37):
1

anatomy is to _________ as physiology is to ____________

structure
function

2

the smallest stable units of matter

atoms

3

the atomic number of an atom is determined by the number of

protons

4

the chemical behavior of an atom is determined by

ratio of protons to electrons

5

if a pair of electrons is unequally shared between two atoms, this occurs

polar covalent bond

6

the most important metabolic fuel molecule in the body

glucose

7

an amino acid is to a protein as _________ is to a nucleic acid

nucleotide

8

a nucleotide consists of

phosphate group
5-carbon sugar
base

9

the most abundant high-energy compound in cells

ATP (adenine triphosphate)

10

oxygen is required in biological systems for

metabolism

11

the smallest living unit within the human body

cell

12

three terms used to define the structure that separates the contents of a human cell from its surrounding medium

plasma membrane
cell membrane
plasmalemma

13

four main tissue categories

epithelial
connective
muscular
nervous

14

basic shapes of epithelial cells include

squamous
simple
stratified

15

the epithelia that line body cavities and blood vessels are classified as

simple squamous

16

transitional epithelium is found

lining the urinary bladder

17

connective tissue fibers are produced mainly by

collagen

18

cells that store fat

adipocytes

19

the dominant fiber type in dense connective tissue

collagen

20

type of cell that makes up almost half the volume of blood

ethrocyte

21

chondrocytes are to cartilage as osteocytes are to

osteoblasts

22

the most common type of cartilage

hyaline

23

osseous tissue is also called

bone

24

the muscle tissue that shows no striations

smooth muscle

25

type of cells and tissue that form the strata in the epidermis

keratinocytes

26

layer of dividing cells at the base of the epidermis

stratum germinative

27

the tough "horny" superficial layer of the epidermis

stratum corneum

28

an albino individual lacks the ability to produce

melanin

29

glands that discharge an oily secretion into hair follicles

sebaceous glands

30

the _______ glands in the axilla become active at the time of puberty

apocrine

31

earwax is produced by

ceruminous glands

32

the highest concentration of merocrine sweat glands is found in

water
salt
organic compounds

33

an important vitamin that is formed in the skin when it is exposed to sunlight

vitamin D

34

when the arrector pili muscles contract,

hair stands up / "goosebumps"

35

stretch marks occur when

excessive stretching- pregnancy, weight gain

36

the protein that permits stretching and recoiling of the skin

elastic fibers

37

the primary pigments contained in the epidermis

carotene
melanin