Chapter 1 Review Flashcards Preview

Human A&P > Chapter 1 Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Review Deck (50):
1

divides body into inferior and superior portions

transverse

2

the cavity that contains the lungs

pleural

3

the type of feedback that increases a disturbance in homeostasis

positive

4

below

inferior

5

inner region of an organ

medullary

6

farther from the body's surface

deep

7

wrist

carpal

8

above, toward the head

superior

9

foot

pedal

10

away from an attached base

distal

11

the space that contains the esophagus, trachea, and thymus glands

mediastinum

12

the system that directs long-term changes in the activities of other organ systems

endocrine

13

groin

inguinal

14

imaging that uses sound waves

ultrasound

15

front of elbow

antecubital

16

the analysis of the internal structures of individual cells

cytology

17

the cell of organ that responds to commands of the control center by opposing or enhancing the stimulus

effector

18

arm

brachial

19

toward an attached base

proximal

20

the back

posterior

21

belly side

ventral

22

the study of internal and external structure of the body

anatomy

23

the head

cephalic

24

the system that includes the spleen and tonsils

lymphoid

25

outer region of an organ

cortical

26

close to the body's surface

superficial

27

the study of the first two months of development

embryology

28

back of elbow

olecranal

29

the type of feedback that decreases a disturbance in homeostasis

negative

30

armpit

axillary

31

toward an internal organ, away from body wall

visceral

32

the system that is responsibly for blood cell formation and mineral storage

skeletal

33

back of knee

popliteal

34

the position one is in when one is facing forward with hands at sides and palms facing forward

anatomical

35

the front

anterior

36

away from the body's longitudinal axis

lateral

37

toward the body's longitudinal axis

medial

38

imaging that uses a magnetic field

MRI

39

divided the body into left and right portions

sagittal

40

the study of anatomical features that change during illness

pathology

41

the system that regulates pH and blood ion concentration

urinary

42

the system that contains the liver and pancreas

digestive

43

upper left and right abdominal regions flanking the epigastric region

hypochondriac

44

the tail

caudel

45

the cavity that contains the lungs and heart

thoracic

46

divided the body into anterior and posterior portions

frontal

47

the study of how living organisms perform their vital functions

physiology

48

heel

calcaneal

49

the examination of tissues

histology

50

toward the body wall, away from internal structures

parietal