UMSL TEST Flashcards Preview

Human A&P > UMSL TEST > Flashcards

Flashcards in UMSL TEST Deck (65):
1

a lowered body temperature

hypothermia

2

type of intercellular junctions that forms channels through which cytoplasm can flow

gap junctions

3

type of intercellular junction that acts as a river or spot weld

desmosomes

4

lipid portions of two membranes tightly bound by interlocking membrane protein

tight junctions

5

study of tissues

histology

6

four basic body tissue types

epithelial
connective
muscle
neural

7

type of epithelium that lines the urinary bladder

transitional

8

produce connective tissue fibers

fibroblasts

9

produce bone tissue

osteoblasts

10

tendons and ligaments are composed primarily of what type of tissue

connective (white)

11

lines tubes and cavities that open to the outside of the body

mucous membrane

12

"cutaneous membrane" refers to

skin

13

the human integumentary system includes

skin, nails, follicles, sweat glands

14

sebaceous glands secrete __________ aka __________

fat globules that mix with cellular debris
sebum

15

blood vessels in the _____ supply epidermal cells with nutrients

dermis

16

what determines the color of skin

amount of melanin that melanocytes produce

17

shafts of hair are composed of

dead epidermal cells

18

a nail consists of

nail bed, nail plate

19

1st degree burn

skin is red

20

2nd degree burn

blistered

21

3rd degree burn

deep tissue/nerve damage

22

in treating burn patients, the rule of nines is used to estimate

surface area of the burn

23

exposure to ultraviolet radiation greatly increases the risk of developing

skin cancer, cataracts

24

list the functions of the skeletal system

provides support for muscles
stores inorganic salts
protects organs

25

vitamin D deficiency results in

rickets

26

vitamin A deficiency results in

retardation of bone development

27

the axial skeleton includes

skull
hyoid
thorads
vertebral

28

the appendicular skeleton includes

upper/lower limbs

29

ribs that join the sternum directly by costal cartilages

true ribs

30

ribs that join indirectly or not at all

false ribs

31

ribs that connect only at one end

floating ribs

32

a depression in the hip bone for the femur

acetabulum

33

joints are also called

articulations

34

joints function to

bind bones
allow bones to grow
enable movement

35

classifying joints as synarthrotic, amphiarthrotic, or diarthrotic is determined by

degree of movement

36

types of fibrous joints

syndesmosis
suture
gomphosis

37

a tooth attached to a jawbone by a periodontal ligament is a

gomphosis joint

38

movement that brings the foot father from the shin

plantar flexion

39

movements permitted by the elbow joint between the humerus and ulna

flexion & extension

40

fluid-filled sacs containing synovial fluid

bursae

41

the coracohumeral ligament is found in the ________ joint

shoulder

42

ankle and wrist joints are what type of joints

plane

43

joint types that allow rotation

saddle
ball-and-socket

44

three types of muscle cells

skeletal
cardiac
smooth

45

a muscle end attached to a less movable or relatively fixed part

origin

46

the muscle tissue that can be consciously controlled

voluntary (skeletal)

47

eccrine glands are found in the _____ and function to __________

skin
regulate body temp (sweat)

48

the arrector pili muscle is attached to __________ and causes ____________

a hair follicle
hairs to stand up

49

in the inherited disease ichythyosis, the skin is rough, brown, and very scaly because the uppermost layer cannot peel off as easily as it normally does. the part of the skin affected is

epidermis

50

first and second degree burns are also called _________ because _____________

superficial
surface is affected

51

inflammation causes

red, swollen, painful to touch skin

52

osteoblasts are what type of cell

bone-forming cells

53

osteocytes are what type of cell

mature bone cells

54

long bones include

forearm, lower leg

55

short bones include

wrist/ankle

56

flat bones include

skull

57

irregular bones are

vertebrae

58

a bone lengthens by

increased activity of the epiphyseal plate

59

the atlas and axis are what type of vertebrae

cervical

60

phalanges are found in the

fingers and toes

61

the talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, and cuneiform bones are all part of the

foot

62

list ways which a female's skeleton is different from a male's skeleton

female pelvis is wider, lighter bones overall

63

the largest and most complex synovial joint is the

knee joint

64

the most movable joint is the

shoulder

65

what effect do sex hormones have on bone growth, osteoblasts, and the epiphyseal plate?

stimulate ossification of epiphyseal plates