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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (40):
1

type of cartilage that composes the articular cartilage

hyaline

2

carpal bones are examples of this type of bone

short

3

if osteoclasts are more active than osteoblast, this condition will develop

osteopenia

4

this type of marrow is found in spongy (cancellous) bone

red

5

excessive growth hormone prior to puberty could result in their unusual growth in height

giantism

6

a fracture that is completely internal and fractures bone does not protrude through the skin

colles

7

the large proximal projection on the femur

trochanter

8

this process results in interstitial lamellae

bone remodeling

9

cells that secrets the organic component of the bone matrix

osteoblast

10

the interconnecting tiny bony arches of spongy bone tissue

trabecular

11

this cavity stores fat (yellow marrow)

medullary

12

the smooth, rounded articular process of a bone

condyle

13

a narrow passageway that contains cytoplasmic extensions of osteocytes for nutrient diffusion

canaliculi

14

structural units of mature compact bone

osteons

15

a hole through a bone

foramen

16

this dense connective tissue surrounds a bone

periosteum

17

elevated levels of calcium ion in the blood stimulate the secretion of this hormone

calcitonin

18

the deposition of calcium salts in bone tissues

ossification

19

the type of lamellae that surround a central canal

concentric

20

this cartilage plate allows bones to grow in length

epiphyseal

21

bone that develops within a tendon

sesamoid

22

small, oddly shaped bones that fill gaps between bones of the skull

sutural

23

a disease in which a child's legs may now under the weight of the body

rickets

24

a condition in which bone becomes riddled with holes

osteoporosis

25

the medullary cavity of bones contains this

marrow

26

this canal of an osteon contains blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic vessels

central

27

the lining of the medullary cavity of a long bone

endosteum

28

an example of an irregular bone

vertebrae

29

elevated levels of these hormones causes accelerated closure of the epiphyseal plates and short stature

sex

30

chondroitin sulfate is found in this tissue, but not osseous tissue

cartilage

31

the space occupied by an osteocyte

lacuna

32

after a fracture of the diaphysis of w bone has healed, the thickened region may persist is called an external

callus

33

this vitamin is required to absorb calcium and phosphate ions from the digestive tract

vitamin D3

34

this genetic disease is caused by a mutation and affects bone growth and cartilage growth, resulting in long, skinny bones

marfans

35

the shaft of a long bone

diaphysis

36

dissolve bone matrix

osteoclast

37

mature bone cell

osteocytes

38

the most abundant mineral in the human body

calcium

39

the type of lamellae that surrounds an entire bone

circumferential

40

epiphyseal plates changes in this way after puberty because of increased sex hormone production, and eventually close, ending growth in height

narrow