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Flashcards in Sensory Integration Deck (17):
1

  • The brain cannot analyze, organize connect or integrate sensory messages
  • Exaggerated responses to non threatening situations
  • Cannot balance sensory information appropriately

Sensory Integration Dysfunction

2

the process that represents to the nervous system that something familiar has occurred 

  Habituation

3

 is the nervous systems mechanism that enhances potentially important stimuli; detects harm or danger in a situation
 

Sensitization

 

4

sensation seeking child = poor registration =

HIGH Neurological Threshold Continuum

Habituation 

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5

sensation avoiding child = sensitivity to stimuli =

LOW Neurological Threshold Continuum

Sensitization

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6

SENSATION SEEKING IS THE COMBINATION OF

HIGH NEUROLOGICAL THRESHOLDS AND AN ACTIVE SELF-REGULATION STRATEGY

(Enjoys and generates extra sensory input) Adding spice to already seasoned food
 

7

LOW REGISTRATION IS THE COMBINATION OF

HIGH NEUROLOGICAL THRESHOLDS AND A PASSIVE SELF-REGULATION STRATEGY

(Notices sensory stimuli much less than others) Doesn't get the jokes as quick
 

8

SENSATION AVOIDING IS THE COMBINATION OF

LOW NEUROLOGICAL THRESHOLDS AND AN ACTIVE SELF-REGULATION STRATEGY

(Bothered by input more than others) Only will eat familiar foods
 

9

SENSORY SENSITIVITY IS THE COMBINATION OF

LOW NEUROLOGICAL THRESHOLDS AND A PASSIVE SELF-REGULATION STRATEGY

(Detects more input than others) I am afraid of heights & experiencing discomfort
 

10

pop quiz: sensation avoiding is the combination of:

A. low neurological thresholds and a passive self regulation strategy

B.  low neurological thresholds and an active self regulation strategy

C.  high neurological thresholds and a passive self regulation strategy

D. high neurobiological thresholds and an active self regulation strategy

B.  low neurological thresholds and an active self regulation strategy

11

Types of Sensory Processing Disorders and main characteristics of each

  1. Sensory Modulation Disorder: 
    • sensory over-responsiveness: aggression, impulsivity, unsocial
    • sensory under responsiveness: doesn't cry when hurt
  2. Sensory Discrimination Disorder: difficulty following directions and gets easily lost 
  3. Sensory Based Motor Disorder Difficulty learning new motor skills, is clumsy awkward or accident prone 

12

Can be:

  • sensory over-responsiveness: aggression, impulsivity, unsocial OR
  • sensory under responsiveness: doesn't cry when hurt

Sensory Modulation Disorder

13

difficulty following directions and gets easily lost 

Sensory Discrimination Disorder:

14

Difficulty learning new motor skills, is clumsy awkward or accident prone 

Sensory Based Motor Disorder 

15

Sensory Integration Assessment

  •  SIPT (Sensory Integration & Praxis Test) only for certified therapist
  •  STEP-SI (Sensation, Task, Environment, Predictability, Self monitoring & Interactions)
  • Sensory Profile

     

16

Cornerstone of sensory-integration intervention 

Proprioceptive Sensations

  • vestibular (swings)
  • tactile (deep pressure contact)
     

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17

Weighted Vest vs Compression Vest
 

  • Both give deep pressure
  • Weighted vest gives compression through trunk only, can pull the child down
  • Compression vests give deep pressure in multiple directions, does not stress the joints
     

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