wich NICU level provides complex medical interventions, advanced diagnostic testing, surgery, and respiratory support
Level III Nursery
wich NICU level provides extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy (ECMO)
wich NICU level provides warming in an isolette, phototherapy, circumcision.
Level I Nursery
What does a PT do in the NICU?
- Assesses functional and structural integrity of body parts and systems
- Promotes postural and motor activities
- Promotes appropriate interaction between the infant and the environment
- Promotes interaction with family, NICU staff, and consultants
Age of viability is
(1/2 normal gestation)
low birth weight =
infants that weigh below the 10th percentile of published norms.
Can be term and pre-term
Child state regulation:
1. Deep sleep or quiet sleep
2. Light sleep or active sleep
3. Drowsy or semi-dozing
4. Alert or quiet alert (PT treatment)
5. Active or Active awake
Positioning in pre-term infants
Prone: promotes shoulder retraction
Side-lying: decreases stress, midline orientation of trunk and extremities, less work of breathing (diaphragm in gravity min)
Supine: max observation, but challenging for the infant.
it is suggested that PT assistants and student PT’s should not handle infants in the NICU