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Flashcards in Development of Play Deck (28):

Stages of Play (Descriptive), a three y/o is 

  • highly imaginative and interested in dramatic play.  
  • More interested in the results.


Stages of Play (Descriptive), a two year old, because of the two year old’s need
to assert their independence they may seem

  • stubborn, rigid, negative.
  • Language is developing and they love being read to
  • Interested in sensory exploration and materials such as finger paint, play or sand
  • Play is more important than creating a product


True or false:

In a two y/o, play play is more important than creating a product



True or false:

Developmental changes seen in play DOES NOTreflect the increasing social maturity of the child




Parten’s stages of social play:

  1. Unoccupied Behavior: Infancy
  2. Solitary Play: Toddlerhood
  3. Onlooker Play: Early Preschool
  4. Parallel Play: Middle preschool
  5. Associative Play: Middle to late preschool
  6. Cooperative Play: Late Preschool


Dominant activity is the simple exercise of reflexes, no real play.

Birth to 1 month


First signs of play begins with infant repeating sounds or body movements for pleasure

1-4 Months


 Child repeats activities that have a pleasing effect on the senses or the environment i.e. crumpling paper, shaking rattles, banging objects together


4-8 Months


Beginning of intentional goal directed behavior, object permanence developing, repetition of activities 

8 -12 mo


Rather than repeating the child intentionally varies actions to make them more
exciting.  Uses objects appropriately ie stacking block rather than banging or mouthing 

12 - 18 mo


Symbolism emerges. Sensorimotor play gradually being replaced with symbolic play.  Appropriate use of toys


12 - 24 mo


Stages of play (Descriptive). Four year old: 


  • Are more self-confident and secure
  • Have greater success with fine and gross motor skills
  • More aware of gender roles than 3 year olds


Stages of Play (Descriptive). 5 year olds:


  • Beginning to show signs of logical thinking (concrete operations per Piaget)
  • See the world as rational and orderly
  • They are more stable and are usually eager to please
  • Better able to distinguish reality from fantasy


Through play the child’s world gradually expands from being concrete with self centered activities to _________ with concept centered activities.


  • Play allows children to develop balance between reality and fantasy.
  • Fantasy play or pretend play strengthen symbolic or representational thinking


Representational or Fantasy Play moves through four stages during preschool years:


  1. Reality Play: an object is used for its intended purpose
  2. Object Fantasy: entirely new identity is attributed to the object
  3. Person Fantasy: People qualities are actively represented
  4. Announced Fantasy: The theme is announced before acting out


Socially isolated children  who may not receive reinforcement for spontaneous play may need to be _______  how to play with others




(Play development) Hurlock suggests that:

  • when the end is more important than the means the activity is more like work. When means more important than the end the activity is more like play
  • Often can determine by the expressions on a child’s face if an activity is work or play



Sequential neurodevelopment of play:

  1. Brainstem: stablish state regulation; peck-a-boo, test play, tactile play
  2. Midbrain: Incorporate somatosesnory integration; large motor, fine motor, music
  3. Limbic: facilitate socio-emotional: temas, win-lose, turns, sharing.
  4. Cortex: encourage abstract thought; humor, language, arts, games. 


Sequential neurodevelopment of play, brainstem stage:

  • Stablish state regulation:
    • Peek-a-boo
    • taste play
    • tactile play

(stage 1)


Sequential neurodevelopment of play, midbrain stage:

  • Incorporate somatosensory:
    • Large motor
    • Fine motor
    • music

(stage 2)


Sequential neurodevelopment of play, limbic stage:

  • Facilitate socio-emotional (children crave structure)
    • Teams
    • Win-loose
    • Turns
    • Sharing

(Stage 3)


Sequential neurodevelopment of play, cortex stage:

  • Encourage abstract thought:
    • Humor
    • Arts
    • Language
    • Games


In what type of play children use dolls or figurines & toys used to
represent people, animals, things ?

pretend or symbolic


What type of play Involves building and constructing
things, drawing and puzzles




What type of play involves active movement, and may or may not involve
other children? jumping, running, swinging, sliding


Rough and Tumble


Functions of Play:

  • Biophysical Development:  fine and gross motor skills; children move for the pure joy of moving; repetition; Practice → Skill→ Natural Repertoire → Goal achievement 
  • Enculturation: practice roles related to their cultural backgrounds.
  • Enhance cognitive development: Piaget believed that play is essential to cognitive development.Fantasy play or pretend play strengthen symbolic or representational thinking
  • Learning Adult Roles: children learn to adapt to the realities of life roles via play 
  • Affective Development: correlations, trust, self-control and control over frustration, impulse control, diligence;
  • Social Development: Through play the child learns to distinguish self from others 


Erikson suggests that children need to learn _______ __________ via play in the childhood years to develop the self-confidence needed to succeed in adolescence and adulthood


appropriate behaviors


Behavior Disorders during play:

  • Withdrawal- limits opportunities for play

  • Aggressiveness- limits invitations to play, destroy materials

  • Fearful of new activities, specific materials or textures