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Flashcards in Spina Bifida Deck (16):
1

Neural tube defect causing neurologic dysfunction

Spina Bifida

2

Which is the second most common birth defect?

Spina Bifida

3

Incidence of Spina Bifida

used to be 1 in every 1000 live births 

now is 3.4 in 10.000 live births

4

spina bifida is  linked to maternal lack of _______ in first trimester 

folic acid

Also associated with valproic acid
(Seizure medication)
 

5

What is the cause of spina bifida?

not known

6

Spina Bifida AKA

Myelodysplasia
 

7

Spinal defect diagnosed by the presence of an
external sac on the infant’s back that contains meninges and spinal cord tissue protruding through a dorsal defect in the vertebrae
 

Myelomeningocele

A image thumb
8

An abnormal accumulation of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in the cranial vault 

Hydrocephalus
 

9

_____ % of children with spina bifida will develop hydrocephalus 

90​%

  • Shunt placed within first several days to 6 months

10

Common to children with spina bifida,  deformity of the cerebellum, medulla, and
cervical spinal cord. The posterior cerebellum is herniated downward through the foramen magnum 

Chiari II Malformation
 

11

 “Sunset” sign of the eyes along with headaches, irritability, fever, nausea, increased spasticity can be sign of
 

Q image thumb

shunt malfunction
 

12

an abnormal widening of the central canal of the spinal cord

Hydromyelia
 

13

 disorder caused by tissue attachments that limit the movement of the spinal cord within the spinal column, associated degeneration in muscle function
 

Tethered Spinal Cord
 

14

Thoracic level lesion T6-T12

  • No LE mm
  • Frog-legged contracture (hip AB + ER)
  • Night splints

A image thumb
15

High lumbar level lesion: L1 - L3

  • Hip flexion contracture
  • Higher risk for hip dislocation
  • Windblown posture
  • Scoliosis

16