List personality types, 9
BAD OPA NHS Borderline Avoidant Dependent Obsessive complusive Paranoid Antisocial Narcissistic Histrionic Schizoid
Problem: Afraid of people criticizing or hurting them
Behavior: Avoid social situations, increasing circle of fear
Feel helpless without support of others
Behavior: Cultivate close relationships with people they view as strong
Because of grave emotional regulatory problems their moods and the image formed of themselves and others (lovable, hateful) quickly and frequently change. They act under the influence of emotions; intense emotions divert their attention from their long-term plans. As for their relationships, they dread being abandoned; they often mistakenly attribute evil intentions to the other person, and react violently and exaggeratedly. They easily get into a fury.
Behavior: self injury and potential injury to others. High suicide rates.
Problem: Need to create perfect system in a disorganized disordered world
Behavior: To exert excessive control on their behavior, their partners behavior, their surroundings.
Problem: think they are entitled to anything, disregard regulations and do not value or empathize with others.
Strategies: two types
Overt antisocial = breaks laws, attacks, steals,
Devious/deceptive type = deceives and exploits/uses others.
Problem: Feel like others want to interfere with their life or harm them
Strategy: to stay reserved and withdrawn from people.
Major depressive disorder
Characterized by recurrent major depressive episodes
minimum 2 week periods, involving 4 of the criteria, one of which must be depressed mood or anhedonia.
(1) depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day, as indicated by either subjective report (e.g., feels sad or empty) or observation made by others (e.g., appears tearful). Note: In children and adolescents, can be irritable mood.
(2) markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities most of the day, nearly every day (as indicated by either subjective account or observation made by others)
(3) significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain (e.g., a change of more than 5% of body weight in a month), or decrease or increase in appetite nearly every day. Note: In children, consider failure to make expected weight gains.
(4) insomnia or hypersomnia nearly every day
(5) psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day (observable by others, not merely subjective feelings of restlessness or being slowed down)
(6) fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day
(7) feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt (which may be delusional) nearly every day (not merely self-reproach or guilt about being sick)
(8) diminished ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness, nearly every day (either by subjective account or as observed by others)
(9) recurrent thoughts of death (not just fear of dying), recurrent suicidal ideation without a specific plan, or a suicide attempt or a specific plan for committing suicide