Stroke Flashcards Preview

1MB Cardiology > Stroke > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stroke Deck (10):
1

What is a stroke?

Disrupted blood supply to the brain, causing ischaemia and focal neuropathy

2

What are the two types of stroke?

Haemorrhagic
Ischaemic/obstructive

3

Which is the most common type of stroke?

Ischaemic

4

What happens to cause haemorrhagic stroke?

Weakened blood vessel wall due to inflammation/aneurysm/drugs/hypertension causes bleeding, reducing blood supply to brain

5

What 3 things cause ischaemic stroke?

Thrombus
Embolus
Hypoperfusion

6

Statin therapy is recommended in all stroke patients. True/False?

False
Not recommended in haemorrhagic stroke

7

High levels of which metabolite is assoc. with increased risk of stroke?

Cysteine (homocysteinemia)

8

How does a TIA differ from a stroke?

It doesn't tend to cause brain damage; acts as a "warning" that a future stroke will occur

9

Give examples of some stroke mimics

Hypoglycaemia
Seizure
Migraine

10

What are first line investigations for stroke?

CT of brain
MRI
both with/without angiography