Surgical Techniques - Instrument Sterilization Part 2 - 3-A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surgical Techniques - Instrument Sterilization Part 2 - 3-A Deck (79)
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1

Composed of rigid anodized aluminum, stainless steel, polymer, or a polymer-metal combination which cannot be punctured

sterilization tray and case

2

thick, protective, plastic wrap used to cover a sterile package

dust cover

3

adapts to sterilization methods: EtO and pressure steam

Tyvek/plastic sterilization pouch

4

composed of a synthetic fiber; available in single- or double-layered thicknesses

nonwoven material for envelope and square fold

5

reusable textile composed of a high-quality cotton or combination of polyester and cotton with a thread count of at least 140

woven wrapping material

6

composed of two different materials, paper on one side, plastic on the other

paper-plastic peel pack

7

Select packaging that _____ sterilization, maintains the sterility of the item, and provides easy aseptic delivery of the item.

optimizes

8

Packaging must allow for adequate removal of _____, adequate penetration of the sterilant, and direct contact with the items.

air

9

Wrap packages to permit sterilization and ____ of the contents, if needed, while maintaining sterility until the package is opened.

aeration

10

Imprint or label every in-hospital sterilized package, including package content, the date of sterilization, _____ used, the cycle or load number, the date of sterilization and the initials of the employee who prepared the package.

sterilizer

11

Package size requirements mandate they do not exceed ______ pounds and are no larger than 12 x 12 x 20 inches.

12

12

Arrange all packages in the sterilizer in loose contact on a ______ edge (except instruments in perforated pans) to allow free circulation and penetration of steam, and prevent entrapment of air and steam or gas.

vertical

13

Place nonporous items on the _____ shelves of the rack in combined loads.

bottom

14

Ensure _____ containers are flat on the shelves of the sterilizer.

rigid

15

Do not stack containers since it may interfere with air ____ and steam penetration.

removal

16

high-heat or low-temperature process

temperature

17

certain types of instruments can be submersed when cleaning without any damage while other instruments will be damaged if water is allowed into the optics

submersible vs. nonsubmersible instruments

18

ratio of sterilizing agent relative to air or other substance

concentration and purity

19

high- or low-pressure chambers

pressure

20

actual or suspected relative number of microorganisms found in an area or on an item

bioburden

21

how closely other instruments are packed against one another

packaging density

22

some of these items cannot be steam sterilized because they are heat sensitive

heat sensitive vs. nonheat sensitive instruments

23

ability to prevent penetration of sterilizing agent

bioshielding or packaging material

24

amount of sterilizing agent allowed to soak through an item

saturation of the agent

25

to lessen the expense of the sterilization process

cost

26

shorter or longer periods

time

27

pertaining to the level of moisture in the atmosphere, which varies with temperature

humidity

28

ability to repel without allowing the penetration of the sterilizing agent

bioshedding

29

spore or vegetative state of organism

biostate

30

species of microbes are characterized by their nutritional status that is required for growth, such as carbon, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, and phosphorus

nutritional status of microbe