Condition of the skin immediately after a surgical scrub in which the transient bacterial flora has been reduced within safe limits, though resident flora is not affected
process of reducing the number of microorganisms from the hands and arms to a safe level before participating in an operative procedure
turned inside out
uses friction of a brush in combination with water, soap, or detergent
causes removal of microbes via antimicrobial or antiseptic solution
designated number of brush strokes for the nails, each finger, palm, back of hand, forearm, and elbow
numbered stroke method
utilization of a chemical antiseptic agent as an alternative to the other methods
prescribed amout of time for scrubbing each hand, arm, and elbow area
List in sequential order the anatomical areas cleaned during a mechanical surgical scrub.
- finger nails
- 2 inches above the elbow
Perform a surgical scrub before each operative procedure, since conditions undersurgical gloves are ideal for _____ growth.
Initial scrub should generally be _____ minutes.
Subsequent scrubs should generally be ____ to _____ minutes.
3 to 5
Thoroughly dry hands and arms with a _____ towel after scrubbing to avoid strike-through contamination of the gown.
Dry using a _____ motion by moving the arms, not towel, and from fingertips to elbow without returning to any area.
The gowning method is determined by the type of _____ and whether it is being performed before or during the procedure.
Most often the _____ sterile team member performs the self-gowning procedure.
The _____ self-gloving technique is most common.
The _____ gloving technique is generally used during a procedure pr when no gown is required.
The _____ technique prevents outside of sleeves or gloves from touching the skin or hand, which are covered with the sleeves of the gown when gloves are put on.
______ ______ refers to gloving by or for other personnel.
Lift gowns and gloves _____ _____ and away from the wrapper when gowning and/or gloving, ensuring that no part of gown or glove has contacted the wrapper edge.
Gowns are sterile only from ______ level to ______ level in front, including sleeves to 2" above the elbow.
table to chest
The ____ of a gown is always considered contaminated.
If a gown is puncturedm town or wet, it should be _____.
_____ the sterile field and step away from unsterile objects or people to avoid hitting them.
When unfolding a gown, it is imperative not to allow gown _____ to touch below waist level.
During an operation, a contaminated gown is always removed after stepping away from the sterile field by having the ______ step up from behind.
Gloves are removed _____ the contaminated gown is removed.
If gloves are packaged with dry starch, it is important to _____ _____ excess powder from external glove surfaces immediately after gloving.
Change a sterile glove immediately if punctured or _____ to prevent any microbial exchange.