Surgical Techniques - Wound Closure 5-C Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surgical Techniques - Wound Closure 5-C Deck (107)
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1

undesirable deformation of a strand of suture

kink

2

tissue that is easily torn

friable

3

relating to the complex substance within tissue cells which may break down and digest surgical gut

enzymatic

4

a tube or disk retaining continuous, wound suture that can be unwound as it is needed

ligature reel

5

surgically joining tissue to promote the unhindered flow of fluids from one to the other, bypassing previous blockages

anastomosis

6

to bring the individual surfaces of two tissues together

tissue approximation

7

Alteration or decomposition through water

hydrolosis

8

the process of manually occluding vessels by typing suture around the vessel to effect homostasis or to prevent leakage

tie (ligature)

9

capillary action when tissue fluid and infection are spread from one tissue to another via the suture strand

wicking action

10

filament material used to approximate tissue and ligate vessels

surgical glue

11

ised to approximate edges of ragges lacerations or for closing skin where flexibility and adherence are key issues

adhesive skin closure strips or tapes

12

a more rapid method of general tissue closure such as skin, organ, or vessel

staples

13

piercing end is pushed through tissues and eye end retains suture that follows

needles

14

used to occlude tubular structures, most often vessels, or can be used to mark anatomical areas for later x-rays

clips

15

provides the action that drives and secures the skin in the tissue

staplers

16

provide the mechanism to clamp the clips around the vessel

appliers

17

used for repeated opening and closing of a particular incision

wound zippers

18

sterile preparation rubbed into bleeding points on surface of bone for hemostasis 

bone wax

19

biologic or synthetic derivatives that glue surface tissues together to eliminate the need for postoperative suture removal

topical adhesives

20

is an effective sealant for high porosity vascular grafts and a valuable topical hemostatic agent in heparainized patients

pooled-donor plasm

21

placed on the ends of subcuticular skin suturesto prevent the suture from retracting into the wound

lead shots

22

a tissue adhesive from patient's own blood, which imitates the final stages of coagulation when a solution of human fibrinogen is activated by thrombin, the two components of fibrin glue

autologous/homologous plasma

23

used extensively in all surgical disciplines for tissues adhesion, suture support, hemostasis, wound care and the sealiing of body cavities

fibrin glue

24

white, woven cotton ligature initially designed for pediatric use; also used to isolate or suspend small vessels and structures, particularly in pediatric and cardovascular procedures

umbilical tape

25

used to prevent the suture threads from cutting through the tissue

buttons

26

used within the incision to adhere deeper tissues and organs

surgical glue

27

silicon tube-like strand used for retracting and occluding blood vessels in minimally invasive surgery (MIS)

vessel loops

28

used as a bone cement for gluing prosthetic devices in orthopedic surgery

methyl methacrylate

29

cargile membrane of fascia lata

biologic mesh

30

biological or synthetic tissue grafts, implants, or transplants

tissue replacement