Surgical Techniques - Principles of Aseptic Technique 1-A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surgical Techniques - Principles of Aseptic Technique 1-A Deck (56)
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1

Which of the following is considered a break in technique?

a. a sterile person turns his or her back to an unsterile person or area when passing

b. a sterile person faces a sterile area

c. a sterile person folds his or her arms with his or her hands in the axillary region

d. an unsterile person avoids a sterile area

c. a sterile person folds his or her arms with his or her hands in the axillary region

2

Jewelry should not be worn by OR personnel because it presents challenges whn wearing non-sterile or sterile gloves.

a. true

b. false

a. true

3

Organisms that normally live in and on the bodies of healthy persons without causing harm are called _____ flora.

a. resident

b. noninfectious

c. transient

d. uncontaminated

a. resident

4

_____ are the only personnel allowed in a restricted area of an operating room.

a. Authorized personnel in street attire

b. Authorized personnel in street or scrub attire

c. Anyone who would like to observe

d. Authorized personnel in OR scrub attire

d. Authorized personnel in OR scrub attire

5

A surgical mask _____.

a. must be worn loosely over the mouth and nose.

b. must be worn at all times within the operating room.

c. may be removed in OR during the procedure.

d. may be removed as soon as the dressing is on the patient.

b. must be worn at all times within the operating room.

6

Wearing proper OR attire will _____.

a. proide for standardization of uniforms

b. prevent staining and contamination of personnel clothing

c. provide personal comfort for the personnel

d. prohibit contamination of the sterile field and operative wound

d. prohibit contamination of the sterile field and operative wound

7

Which of the following is NOT a restriction for operating room personnel during a surgical procedure?

a. body piercings

b. excessive perfume

c. covered tattoos

d. artificial nails

c. covered tattoos

8

Desquamation is a normal process in which the outer layer of the epidermis is sloughed off in fine scales.

a. true

b. false

a. true

9

Which of the following is the most important factor to be maintained throughout the operative procedure by all OR team members?

a. constant room temperature

b. aseptic technique

c. position

d. silence

b. aseptic technique

10

Sterile items dropped on the floor are _____.

a. sterile, if the floor is clean.

b. sterile, if the item did not become soiled.

c. contaminated and should be discarded

d. contaminated but can be used on septic procedures

c. contaminated and should be discarded

11

Which of the following statements regarding technique is FALSE?

a.Wrapper edges are unsterile.

b. Instruments or sutures hanging over the table are discarded.

c. Sterile persons pass each other back-to-back.

d. A sterile person faces an unsterile person when passing.

d. A sterile person faces an unsterile person when passing.

12

Which of the following statements regarding sterile technique is TRUE?

a. A sterile person may lean over an unsterile area.

b. An unsterile person may touch sterile areas.

c. Only the surface level of a table draped with a sterile drape cover is considered sterile.

d, Edges of anything that encloses sterile content are considered sterile.

c. Only the surface level of a table draped with a sterile drape cover is considered sterile.

13

During an operation, maintaining the principles of aseptic technique is the responsibility of _____.

a. the surgeon

b. the scrub nurse

c. the circulating nurse

d. all members of the OR team

d. all members of the OR team

14

Surgical gowns are considered sterile only in the front from neck to the table level and the sleeves from proximal cuff to 4 inches above the elbow.

a. true

b. false

b. false

15

When a sterile item is hanging or extending over the sterile table edge, the surgical technologist _____.

a. must watch closely that no one comes near it

b. does not touch the part hanging below table level and discards the item.

c. should pull it back onto the table so it does not become contaiminated 

d. may use the item

b. does not touch the part hanging below table level and discards the item.

16

Which of the following are considered sources of contamination in an OR?

a. OR personnel

b. OR environment

c. patient

d. all of the above

d. all of the above

17

Sepsis may be defined as _____.

a. a state of being free from injection

b. the absence of pathogens in the blood or tissues

c. the presence of disease-causing microorganisms or other toxins in the bloodstream

d. the desired condition of a surgical wound

c. the presence of disease-causing microorganisms or other toxins in the bloodstream

18

Tables are sterile _____.

a. only on the front half of the table

b. completely, when draped, from tabletop to floor

c. to the bottom edge of the drape only

d. only at table-top level

d. only at table-top level

19

Which of the following is considered to be an unrestricted aseptic area of the hospital?

a. anesthesia room

b. sterile supply

c. operating room

d. laboratory

d. laboratory

20

When unsterile fluid comes into contact with a sterile surface such as a linen cloth wrapper, it carries bacteria with it and contaminates the cloth wrapper.  This is called ____. 

a. strike-through contamination

b. gross soiling

c. barrier proofing

d. mechanical contamination

a. strike-through contamination

21

What is the purpose of wearing proper OR attire?

a. to create a protective barrier

b. to prohibit contamination of the sterile field

c. to prevent the spread of microorganisms

d. all of the above

d. all of the above

22

_____ infections are a diverse group of infections acquired during hospitalization.

a. Surgical-site

b. Nonsocomial

c. Contact

d. Bloodborne

b. Nonsocomial

23

Nail polish prevents the surgical hand scrub from being performed correctly which can increase the risk of colonization of bacteria and surgical site infections.

a. true

b. false

a. true

24

Free from all live bacteria or other microorganisms and their spores

sterile

25

The ways by which infecting organisms are transmitted to sterile objects

Modes of contamination

26

Infection with disease-causing microorganisms or other toxins in the bloodstream

sepsis

27

Caused by factors within the body

endogenous

28

containing pus

purulent

29

The area around an operative site including furniture covered with sterile drapes and properly attired members of the surgical team

sterile field

30

An agent that causes contamination, pollution, or spoilage

contaminant