Flashcards in Surgical Techniques - Care of Patients with Special or Complex Needs 2-B Deck (62)
includes preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative phases
resistance of the skin to deformation
patients with reproductive issues of gender issues
patients whose small anatomical structures alter the size of equipment and instruments needed for a surgical procedure
patients with asthma, medication allergies, or latex allergies
non-native speaking patient in which English is not their primary language; requires a translator; has cultural or religious practices that vary from the majority of the population
language, cultural, or religious barriers
patient who has a cognitive disorder that primarily effects reasoning, memory, perception, and problem solving due to disease processes, such as dementia and Alzheimer's disease
patient who faces humiliation or embarrassment because of their size, often causing them to delay seeking health care, sometimes with devastating consequences
patients with anemia, hemophilia, or bloodborne pathogen diseases
patients with diabetes, anorexia, bulimia, liver dysfunctions, and renal dysfunctions requiring dialysis
patients with neuromuscular disease, paralysis, physical deformities that are congenital in nature or acquired and sensory impairment
patients with Down's syndrome, PTSD, OCD, ADHD, fetal drug or alcohol syndrome
mentally or emotionally challenges
patients who have an infectious disease that could spread microorganisms to staff or other patients
patients with physical wound or injury, such as a fracture or blow
includes immunocomprimised patients, such as cancer patients on chemotherapy, patients with AIDS or who are HIV positive, transplant patients on immune-suppression medications, and burn patients
patients who consume a substance in amounts or with methods neither approved nor supervised by medical professionals
pregnancies with a greater chance of complications
in this stage, the world becomes meaningless and overwhelming, and life makes no sense. The patient is in a state of shock.
Empty feelings present themselves in this stage, and grief enters on a deeper level. This feels as though it will last forever.
This stage is marked by calm and acknowledgment. This is not a period of happiness and must be distinguished from depression.
Patients in this stage may feel guilty or remorse that they did not change their lifestyle or heed warning signs.
In this stage, the normal reaction to feelings of helplessness and vulnerability is often a need to regain control or postpone death.
In this stage, patients experience a reaction to practical implications relating to the illness or loss. Sadness and regret pre-dominate this stage.
This stage is often confused with the notion of being "all right" or "OK" with what has happened.
The first reaction to learning of terminal illness or the death of a cherished loved one is to disallow the reality of the situation.
This is the second stage of grieving.
Secretly, patients in this stage may make a deal with God or a higher power in an attempt to postpone the inevitable.
This stage is about acknowledging that an illness is a reality or that a loved one is physically gone and recognizing that this new reality is the permanent reality.
Aging patients may be mentally confused for a variety of reasons, so it is important to speak ______ and distinctly.