Surgical Techniques - Care of Patients with Special or Complex Needs 2-B Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surgical Techniques - Care of Patients with Special or Complex Needs 2-B Deck (62)
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1

includes preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative phases

perioperative

2

resistance of the skin to deformation

skin turgor

3

patients with reproductive issues of gender issues

sexually-related disorder

4

patients whose small anatomical structures alter the size of equipment and instruments needed for a surgical procedure

pediatric

5

patients with asthma, medication allergies, or latex allergies

severe allergy

6

non-native speaking patient in which English is not their primary language; requires a translator; has cultural or religious practices that vary from the majority of the population

language, cultural, or religious barriers

7

patient who has a cognitive disorder that primarily effects reasoning, memory, perception, and problem solving due to disease processes, such as dementia and Alzheimer's disease

geriatric

8

patient who faces humiliation or embarrassment because of their size, often causing them to delay seeking health care, sometimes with devastating consequences

bariatric

9

patients with anemia, hemophilia, or bloodborne pathogen diseases

hematological disorder

10

patients with diabetes, anorexia, bulimia, liver dysfunctions, and renal dysfunctions requiring dialysis

metabolically impaired

11

patients with neuromuscular disease, paralysis, physical deformities that are congenital in nature or acquired and sensory impairment

physically challenged

12

patients with Down's syndrome, PTSD, OCD, ADHD, fetal drug or alcohol syndrome

mentally or emotionally challenges

13

patients who have an infectious disease that could spread microorganisms to staff or other patients

isolation

14

patients with physical wound or injury, such as a fracture or blow

trauma

15

includes immunocomprimised patients, such as cancer patients on chemotherapy, patients with AIDS or who are HIV positive, transplant patients on immune-suppression medications, and burn patients

aseptically critical

16

patients who consume a substance in amounts or with methods neither approved nor supervised by medical professionals

substance abuse

17

pregnancies with a greater chance of complications

high-risk pregnancy

18

in this stage, the world becomes meaningless and overwhelming, and life makes no sense. The patient is in a state of shock.

denial

19

Empty feelings present themselves in this stage, and grief enters on a deeper level. This feels as though it will last forever.

depression

20

This stage is marked by calm and acknowledgment. This is not a period of happiness and must be distinguished from depression.

acceptance

21

Patients in this stage may feel guilty or remorse that they did not change their lifestyle or heed warning signs.

anger

22

In this stage, the normal reaction to feelings of helplessness and vulnerability is often a need to regain control or postpone death.

bargaining

23

In this stage, patients experience a reaction to practical implications relating to the illness or loss. Sadness and regret pre-dominate this stage.

depression

24

This stage is often confused with the notion of being "all right" or "OK" with what has happened.

acceptance

25

The first reaction to learning of terminal illness or the death of a cherished loved one is to disallow the reality of the situation.

denial

26

This is the second stage of grieving.

anger

27

Secretly, patients in this stage may make a deal with God or a higher power in an attempt to postpone the inevitable.

bargaining

28

This stage is about acknowledging that an illness is a reality or that a loved one is physically gone and recognizing that this new reality is the permanent reality.

acceptance

29

Aging patients may be mentally confused for a variety of reasons, so it is important to speak ______ and distinctly.

slowly

30

Many aging patients experience problems _____, making it important for you to speak loudly and clearly.

hearing