Surgical Techniques - Preoperative Routine, Post-Anesthesia Care, and Related Nursing Procedures 1-B Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surgical Techniques - Preoperative Routine, Post-Anesthesia Care, and Related Nursing Procedures 1-B Deck (100)
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1

nothing by mouth

NPO

2

liberated or uncontrolled

emancipated

3

a recording of the x-ray visualization of the internal anatomy of the heart and blood vessels after the intravenous injection of radiopaque contrast medium

angiogram

4

to develop or grow in intensity at a rate that constitutes an emergency

emergent

5

designated room or area where patients wait prior to being admitted to the operating room

preoperative holding area

6

the scientific study of poisons, their detection, their effects, and the method of treatment for conditions they produce

toxicology

7

an endovascular procedure that re-opens narrowed blood vessels and restores forward blood flow

angioplasty

8

level of force blood exerted against an artery wall or the wall of any vessel as the heart beats at the height of the pulse wave

blood pressure

9

a radiograph of the ureter and renal pelvis after the injection of radiopaque contrast medium

pyelogram

10

an x-ray of detailed tissue structure cross-sections or slices that are used to construct a 3-dimensional image

computerized axial tomography (CT)

11

medical imaging that uses nuclear magnetic resonance as its source of energy

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

12

the surgical removal of tonsils and adenoids

T&A (tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy)

13

a graphic recording of the electrical activity of the muscle of the heart to detect abnormalities

electrocardiogram

14

postoperative care unit

PACU

15

All oral intake is discontinued as ordered for at least _____ to _____ hours prior to surgery.

6 to 8

16

Ideally, the surgeon and ________ should visit the patient prior to surgery.

anesthesiologist

17

Preoperative visits by the surgeon or assistant help lessen the patient's fear and anxiety by allowing the patient to _____ ______.

ask questions

18

False nails or _____ should be removed to allow the observation of the nail beds during surgery.

polish

19

Special preparations such as preoperative douches or _____ are performed as ordered by the surgeon or physician.

enemas

20

A shower with _______ solution should be performed by the patient the night before or the morning of the surgical procedure.

antimicrobial

21

Preoperative enemas are used in procedures involving the gastro-intestinal and _____ areas.

vaginal/gynecological

22

The preoperative douche cleanses the _____ area.

vaginal

23

_____ _____ is performed immediately before surgery, since there is less time for inflammation and _____, should the skin be compromised.

Hair removal
infection

24

Preoperative medication helps reduce secretion of saliva and gastric juices and prevents _____.

nausea

25

Explains the risks and benefits of the procedures.

informed surgical consent

26

authorizes the use of an experimental drug, chemical agent, or medial device on the patient

investigative/research device consent

27

authorizes the attending physician and staff to render standard treatment or miscellaneous procedures

general medical consent

28

authorizes the facility to administer blood and blood products if needed before, during, or after the surgical procedure

blood transfusion consent

29

authorizes proper disposal of an amputated extremity

specimen/limb disposal consent

30

authorizes a voluntary reproductive procedure

sterilization consent