Flashcards in Surgical Techniques - Preoperative Routine, Post-Anesthesia Care, and Related Nursing Procedures 1-B Deck (100)
nothing by mouth
liberated or uncontrolled
a recording of the x-ray visualization of the internal anatomy of the heart and blood vessels after the intravenous injection of radiopaque contrast medium
to develop or grow in intensity at a rate that constitutes an emergency
designated room or area where patients wait prior to being admitted to the operating room
preoperative holding area
the scientific study of poisons, their detection, their effects, and the method of treatment for conditions they produce
an endovascular procedure that re-opens narrowed blood vessels and restores forward blood flow
level of force blood exerted against an artery wall or the wall of any vessel as the heart beats at the height of the pulse wave
a radiograph of the ureter and renal pelvis after the injection of radiopaque contrast medium
an x-ray of detailed tissue structure cross-sections or slices that are used to construct a 3-dimensional image
computerized axial tomography (CT)
medical imaging that uses nuclear magnetic resonance as its source of energy
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
the surgical removal of tonsils and adenoids
T&A (tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy)
a graphic recording of the electrical activity of the muscle of the heart to detect abnormalities
postoperative care unit
All oral intake is discontinued as ordered for at least _____ to _____ hours prior to surgery.
6 to 8
Ideally, the surgeon and ________ should visit the patient prior to surgery.
Preoperative visits by the surgeon or assistant help lessen the patient's fear and anxiety by allowing the patient to _____ ______.
False nails or _____ should be removed to allow the observation of the nail beds during surgery.
Special preparations such as preoperative douches or _____ are performed as ordered by the surgeon or physician.
A shower with _______ solution should be performed by the patient the night before or the morning of the surgical procedure.
Preoperative enemas are used in procedures involving the gastro-intestinal and _____ areas.
The preoperative douche cleanses the _____ area.
_____ _____ is performed immediately before surgery, since there is less time for inflammation and _____, should the skin be compromised.
Preoperative medication helps reduce secretion of saliva and gastric juices and prevents _____.
Explains the risks and benefits of the procedures.
informed surgical consent
authorizes the use of an experimental drug, chemical agent, or medial device on the patient
investigative/research device consent
authorizes the attending physician and staff to render standard treatment or miscellaneous procedures
general medical consent
authorizes the facility to administer blood and blood products if needed before, during, or after the surgical procedure
blood transfusion consent
authorizes proper disposal of an amputated extremity
specimen/limb disposal consent